The Arain are a Muslim tribe, who are found mainly in the
Punjab province and also that of Sindh. They
are chiefly associated with farming, and the legal profession, with some being
Arains are historically exclusively Muslim. Their
origins are uncertain, with some members of the community claiming a connection
with the Rajputs. Others, with whom the historian and political scientist
Christophe Jaffrelot agrees, believe that they are probably displaced farming
communities who moved to Punjab from Sindh and as Muslim armies encroached. Multan Jaffrelot
also believes the community to be related to the Kamboj.
Ishtiaq Ahmed, who is a political scientist like Jaffrelot and also a member of the Arain community, acknowledges that some early Arain texts ascribe a Persian origin and others a Suryavansha Rajput descent. He says that the modern-day Arain claims to be of Arab descent are based on the community's uniform belief in Islam and almost-entire adherence to the Sunni sect of that religion, which is a trait they share with the early Arab invaders under Muhammad bin Qasim. Ishtiaq Ahmed says that "The Arab-origin claim can be simply a re-orientation towards a (perceived) greater status as conquerors and 'original' Muslims" and that he personally thinks that "like the other farming castes of the
Punjab and Haryana the Arains are a mix
of many ethnies [sic] and races."
A study of blood types, published in 2005 and intended "to find out the frequency of ABO and RhD phenotypes in different ethnic groups and casts of Pakistan", concluded that "There is no statistically significant difference of ABO and Rh-D distribution among various ethnic groups and
casts, O is the most common blood group except in Arains where B is the
most common and O is less common. Further ethnic based studies are required to
British Raj period.
The British considered the Arain 'agricultural' caste. When the British wanted land developed in the Punjab after its annexation, Arain were brought in to cultivate lands around the cities, and were preferred to assist with the opening up of the new agrarian frontier in canal colonies of the Punjab between 1906 – 1940. The Arain received 86% of the land that was allotted to Muslim agricultural castes in canal colonies.
The British considered the Arain the best cultivators amongst all the castes, and were
favoured for their "hard work, frugality and
sense of discipline".
The Arain also contributed to military service predating and during British rule in
. India Lt. Col. J. M. Wikeley
acknowledged Arain presence in the military; "They (Arains) may be
designated as a fighting race which has produced many Civil and Military
officers who have rendered good services to the nation.". Their lack of
classification as a martial race was most probably a consequence of rebellions
against British rule. One notable rebellion occurred in the Mutiny of 1857, when
the Arain Shah Abdul Qadir Ludhianvi led an inter-communal uprising in Ludhiana
against the British East India Company.
Although gardening and market-gardening were considered historically to be ritually impure occupations and thus those engaged in such activities were considered to be of low standing, the
Arains have proven to be
industrious and disciplined practitioners. In the present day, they are the
largest agricultural community in and they often have a wealth that
belies their low ritual status. Pakistan
The Arain were found in
territory stretching from the Chenab in the west to the Sultlej in the
east, in what was the Punjabi speaking heartland of the British colonial . This was also the region that
suffered the worst violence during the partition of province of Punjab in 1947, with almost the entire
Arain population of Indian India Punjab migrating to Pakistani territory.
However, there are still a small number of Muslim Arains still found in
Malerkotla, Sangrur and districts. Patiala
The bulk of the Arain population is now settled in the districts of
, Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh, with
a large number of refugees settled by the Thal Development Authority in the
districts of Khushab, Mianwali, Bhakkar and Layyah. Faisalabad
Related communities in
There are a number of communities in
North India, that claim kinship with the
Arain of Punjab. The Arain of claim to be descended from Delhi Arains
who settled in during the rule of the Mughal
Emperor Akbar. Delhi
Another community that is connected with the Arain are the Rayeen, who are a Muslim tribe found in Bareilly, Pilibhit, Udham Singh Nagar, Nainital, Rampur, Bijnor and Saharanpur districts of Uttar Pradesh, India.
◾Adina Beg, Governor of
Punjab in 1758.
◾Mian Fakir Aziz - Foreign Minister of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh.
◾Maher Muhkum Din - Governor of
During Sikh Raj. Lahore
◾Maulana Jafar Thansari - One of the few Real Freedom Fighters to have Challenged the British Colonial Rule in
◾Shah Abdul Qadir Ludhianvi - A Freedom Fighter in 1857, His Army drove the British out of Ludhiana and Panipat, but he was defeated and killed in
◾Mian Family Baghbanpura a famous old Arain family of
◾Mian Fazli Husain, politician and a founder of the Unionist Party.
◾Mian Sir Muhammad Shahnawaz - An influential politician of the
◾Begum Jahan Ara Shahnawaz - Daughter of Sir Mian Muhammad
shafi and Wife of Sir Mian Muhammad Shah Nawaz. In 1935
She Formed Punjab Provincial Muslim Women's League. She was Elected a
Member of Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1937. She was also elected as a
Member of Constituent Assembly of . India
◾Mian Abdul Bari - A Freedom Fighter, Member of
Punjab Assembly and National Assembly from Lyallpur present . Faisalabad
◾Mian Iftikharuddin - Congress Party member and later member of the Muslim League under Mohammed Ali Jinnah, landlord and founder of the Imroze and
Times Newspapers. Pakistan
◾Chaudhry Muhammad Ali - Fourth Prime Minister of
◾Zulfikar Ali Bhutto - Fourth President of
(1971 to 1973) and ninth Prime
Minister of Pakistan (1973 to 1977). Pakistan
◾Benazir Bhutto - First Female Prime Minister of a Muslim Countries, Two time Prime Minister of
◾Sardar Mumtaz Ali Bhutto - 8th Governor and Chief Minister of Sindh.
◾Mohammad Hanif Ramay - Former Governor and Chief Minister of
Punjab . Pakistan
◾Mian Muhammad Azhar - Former Governor of Punjab, Mayor of
and Member of National Assembly. Lahore
◾Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar, First Muslim Member of British Parliament and Governor of
◾Muhammad Abdullah - Ex Governor of Gilgit.
◾Sardar Aseef Ahmad Ali - Former Foreign Minister of Pakistan, His father Sardar Ahmad Ali and Uncle Sardar Muhammad Hussain were also Members of
Parliment from Qasur Punjab.
◾Mian Zahid Sarfraz - Former Interior Minister of
◾Mian Raza Rabbani - Former Leader of the House in Senate and Minister of Law and Justice.
◾Aziz Ahmad - Former Foreign Minister of
◾Samina Khalid Ghurki - Federal Minister of Social Welfare and Special Education, Her Husband Khalid Javed Ghurki was also
Member of Parliament and Nazim of Wahga.
◾Jahangir Badar - Senator, Ex Federal Minister and Secretary General of PPP.
◾Shafiq Arain - Former Minister and Member of Parliament in
and UN Ambassador for Uganda East Africa.
◾Khalid Anwer - Ex Federal Minister of law and Justice of
◾Mian Shamim Haider - Former Federal Minister of Railways and Sports.
ul-Huq - Ex Federal Minister
and Member of National Assembly.
◾Mian Amir Mehmood - Ex Mayor of
Lahore Pakistan and Owner of Dunya News.
◾Mian Shuja-ur-Rahman - Former Lord Mayor of
◾General Muhammad Zia-
ul-Haq - The
sixth President of (Chief of Staff Pakistan Army) Pakistan
◾Lt General Salim Ahmad Mian - Sitara-e-Qaide-Azam.
◾Lt General Mian Muhammad Afzal - Chief of General Staff Pak Army.
◾Lt General Faiz Ali Chishti - X-Corps Commander of
Army 1974 to 1980. Pakistan
◾Lt General Naseer Akhtar - X-Corps Commander of
◾Lt General Ghulam Mustafa - Ex-Corps Commander and Incharge Strategic Command of
◾Mian Qadir Buksh Nadir - Artillery Commander, author of, "Muftah-
ul-Qila" (Persian text book on science
of gunnery in 18th century).
◾Admiral Muhammad Afzal Tahir -
's Chief of Naval Staff. Pakistan
◾Vice Admiral Ahmed Tasnim - The only Navy officer of
who has been Awarded Sitara-e-Jurat
◾Admiral Haji Muhammad Saddiq Chaudhry - The First Pakistani Navy Commander In Chief.
◾Vice Admiral Farooq Rashid - Chief of Staff
Navy (2004-05) Rector Bahria
University (2006-09). Pakistan
◾Air Marshal Zafar Ahmed Chaudhry - First Chief of
Air Force. Pakistan
◾Sir Mian Muhammad Shafi - Member of Viceroy's Executive Council.
◾Justice Sir Mian Abdur Rasheed - First Chief Justice of
◾Justice Mian Saqib Nisar - Supreme Court of Pakistan.
◾Justice Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday - Judge of Supreme Court of
. He is the Son of Justice
Muhammad Saddique, Brother of Chaudhry Muhammad Farooq - Ex Attorney General of
Pakistan and Chaudhry Asad-ur-Rehman Ex Federal Minister Pakistan .He is also Uncle of
Brigadier Anwar- ul-Haq Ramday Shaheed.
Malik Mohammad Qayyum - Former Attorney General of
◾Chaudhry Muhammad Farooq - Former Attorney General of
ul-Haq - of President Supreme Court Bar . Pakistan
Shehram Sarwar - President
of High Court Bar Association.
◾Mian Abdul Qadus - Ex President of High Court Bar Association.
◾Qudrat Ullah Shahab - Former Pakistani Ambassador to the
and His Father was the Netherlands Governoer
of Gilgit during Dogra Rule.
◾Shahid Hafiz Kardar - Governor of State Bank of
◾Dr Muhammad Yaqub - Former
Governor State Bank of 1993-1999. Pakistan
◾Anwar Ali - Chairman
Atomic Energy Commission. Pakistan
◾Pro Dr Zafar Altaf - Chairman PARC.
◾Mian Muhammad Sharif - Surveyor General of
◾Ch. Zulfiqar Ahmed - Ex.
CBR., . Islamabad
◾Muhammad Asif World Snooker Champion.
◾Wasim Akram - Ex Captain of Pakistan Cricket Team, King of Swing.
◾Imran Nazir - A Pakistani Cricket Player.
◾Abdul Razzaq - A
◾Abdul Hafeez Kardar - First Captain of
Cricket Team, Former Minister of Pakistan Punjab and 's Ambassador to Pakistan . Switzerland
◾Saleem Elahi - Pakistani Cricket Player. His Brothers Manzoor Elahi and Zahoor Elahi also Played for
◾Sarfraz Nawaz Malik - Former Fast Bowler and Member of
◾Mian Mohammad Saeed - Ex Captain of
Cricket Team. Pakistan
◾Mian Muhammad Aslam - Cricketer and Test Umpire.
◾Shehbaz Ahmad - Ex Captain of
Hockey Team. Pakistan
◾Tahir Zaman - Ex Captain of
Hockey Team. Pakistan
◾Waseem Ahmed - Famous Pakistani Hockey Player.
◾Sultan Rahi -
Famouse Punjabi Film
◾Habeeb - Film Star.
◾Tariq Aziz - Film and Tv Star and Ex Member of National Assembly.
◾Mian Farzand Ali - Owner of
◾Naseem Viky - Famouse Stage Actor.
◾Nasim Hijazi -
Famouse Urdu Writer
of Islamic History Novels.
◾Zia Shahid - Ex Senator and Owner of Khabrain Group.
◾Mujeeb-ur-Rehman Shami - Owner of Daily
◾Shah Inayat Qadri - A famous Sufi of the Qadiri order, who was the spiritual leader of Punjabi poets and saints Baba Bulleh Shah and Waris Shah.
◾Mian Sher Muhammad Sharaqpuri - Great
sufi and spiritual leader of . india
◾Mian Sahib of Nankana Sahib - Great Sufi and Spiritual Healer Having Followers Around the World.