Sunday, 29 November 2015

Rise, Fall and Revival of Punjabi Nationalism.

The Punjabi nation is the 3rd biggest nation of South Asia. Punjabi Muslim community is the 3rd largest ethnic community in the Muslim Ummah. Punjabi is the 9th biggest nation and Punjabi Speaking population of the World. Punjabis are the largest ethnic population in Pakistan.

Punjabi identity is not based on tribal connections, race, color, creed or religion, more or less all Punjabis share the same cultural background. Traditionally, from the initiation of Punjabi nationalism, Punjabi identity is primarily linguistic, geographical and cultural. Therefore, Punjabi identity is independent of race, color, creed or religion, and refers to those for whom the Punjabi language is the first language, those who reside in the Punjab region, practice Punjabi culture, follow Punjabi traditions, and associate themselves with the Punjabi Nation.

Historically, the Punjabi people were a heterogeneous group and were subdivided into a number of clans called Biradari (literally meaning "Brotherhood") or Tribes, with each person bound to a clan. However, Punjabi identity also included those who did not belong to any of the historical tribes of the Punjab. With the passage of time, tribal structures are coming to an end and are being replaced with more cohesion and holistic society. That is because of community building and group cohesiveness from the new pillars of Punjabi society due to initiation of Punjabi nationalism.

The act of uniting by natural affinity and attraction of the various tribes, castes and the inhabitants of the Punjab into a broader common "Punjabi" identity with grooming of "Punjabi nationalism" started from the onset of the 18th century, when the “Sikh Empire with Secular Punjabi Rule” was established by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Prior to that the sense and perception of a common "Punjabi" ethnocultural identity and community did not exist, even though the majority of the various communities of the Punjab had long shared linguistic, cultural and racial commonalities.

Actually, after capturing and conquering the Punjab by the Mahmud Ghaznavi in 1022 after defeating the Raja Tarnochalpal, from centuries, Punjab was under continuous attack by the foreign Muslim invaders. Before invasions of Ahmad Shah Abdali, the Mughals were the invaders of Punjab. Punjabi tribes, castes and the inhabitants of Punjab revolted against them, but in a personal capacity and without uniting by the natural affinity of Punjabi people. However, Punjabi Sufi Saints were in a struggle to awaken the consciousness of the people of Punjab. Guru Nanak condemned the theocracy of Mughal rulers and was arrested for challenging the acts of barbarity of the Mughal emperor Babar. Shah Hussain approved Dulla Bhatti’s revolt against Akbar as; Kahay Hussain Faqeer Sain Da - Takht Na Milday Mungay.

During the late 18th century, due to lacking in unity by the natural affinity of the various tribes, castes and the inhabitants of the Punjab into a broader common "Punjabi" identity, after the decline of the Mughal Empire, led the Punjab region into a lack of governance. In 1747, the Durrani Empire was established by the Ahmad Shah Abdali in Afghanistan, therefore, Punjab saw frequent invasions by the Ahmad Shah Abdali. The great Punjabi poet Baba Waris Shah said of the barbaric and brutal situation that; "Khada Peeta Lahy Da, Baqi Ahmad Shahy Da" ("We Have Nothing With Us Except What We Eat And Wear, All Other Things Are For Ahmad Shah").

In the result of spiritual grooming and moral character building of Punjabi people by the Punjabi Saints and Punjabi poets like; Baba Farid - 12th-13th century, Damodar - 15th century, Guru Nanak Dev -15th - 16th century, Guru Angad - 16th century, Guru Amar Das - 15th - 16th century, Guru Ram Das - 16th century, Shah Hussain - 16th century, Guru Arjun Dev - 16th - 17th century, Bhai Gurdas - 16th - 17th century, Sultan Bahu - 16th-17th century, Guru Tegh Bahadur - 17th century, Guru Gobind Singh - 17th century, Saleh Muhammad Safoori - 17th century, Bulleh Shah - 17th-18th century, Waris Shah - 18th century and due to frequent invasions by the foreign invaders, at last, by the Ahmad Shah Abdali, stimulated the natural affinity of Punjabi people, taught the lesson to the various tribes, castes and the inhabitants of the Punjab and forced them to unite into a broader common "Punjabi" identity. Therefore, Punjabi nationalism started to initiate in the people of the land of five rivers to defend their land, to protect their wealth, to save their culture and retain their respect by ruling their land and governing the people of their nation by their own self.

In the late 18th century, during frequent invasions of the Durrani Empire, the Sikh Misls were in close combat with the Durrani Empire, but they began to gain territory and eventually the Bhangi Misl captured the Lahore. When Zaman Shah invaded Punjab again in 1799, Maharaja Ranjit Singh was able to make gains in the chaos. He defeated Zaman Shah in a battle between Lahore and Amritsar. Lahore was a Muslim Punjabi community and Hindu Punjabi community majority city, but the citizens of Lahore encouraged by Sada Kaur offered him the city and Maharaja Ranjit Singh was able to take control of it in a series of battles with the Bhangi Misl and their allies.

Beside the fact that, in 1800 century, religious ratio of Punjabi people in Punjab was 48% Muslim Punjabis, 43% Hindu Punjabis, 8% Sikh Punjabis and 1% others, but due to attraction of the various tribes, castes and the inhabitants of the Punjab into a broader common "Punjabi" identity and uniting by natural affinity of "Punjabi Nationalism", Punjab was a secular regime, Punjabi was a secular nation and after throwing out the Muslim Mughal invaders of Punjab from Delhi, India and Muslim Afghan invaders of Punjab from Kabul, Afghanistan, a Sikh Punjabi, Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the ruler of Punjab, which provided the boost to the already initiated Punjabi nationalism.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and expanded the Kingdom of Punjab to the Khyber Pass and also included Jammu and Kashmir in it. He was also successful in keeping the British from expanding across the River Sutlej for more than 40 years. After his death in 1839 the internecine fighting between the Sikhs and several rapid forfeitures of territory by his sons, along with the intrigues of the Dogras and two Anglo-Sikh wars, eventually led to British control of the Lahore Darbar in 1849.

As, after Bengali nation and Hindi-Urdu Speaking UP, CP people of Gunga Jumna culture, Punjabi was the third biggest nation in South Asia and for the British, Punjab was a frontier province of British India because, Punjab had boundaries with Afghanistan, Russia, and China. Therefore, to rule the South Asia, the prime factor for the British rulers was to control the Punjab by dominating or eliminating the Punjabi nation.

British rulers were well aware of the fact that, they succeeded to capture the Punjab but they has not concurred the Punjabi nation. Therefore, British rulers imposed martial law in Punjab to govern Punjab and due to a fear from Punjabi nationalism; British rulers started to eliminate the Punjabi nation into fractions by switching over the characteristics of Muslim Punjabi, Hindu Punjabi, and Sikh Punjabi from  “ Affinity of Nation to Emotions of Religion”.

For demolishing the nationalism and promoting the religious fundamentalism in the Punjab, British rulers, not allowed the Punjabis to use their mother tongue as an educational and official language. Therefore, the British rulers first introduced the Urdu as an official language in Punjab and they brought the Urdu-speaking Muslim Mullahs and Hindi-speaking Hindu Pundits from UP, CP to Punjab for the purpose of educational teaching of Punjabi people along with, UP, CP bureaucracy, and establishment for the purpose of Punjab administration.

It resulted in the supremacy of UP-ites and UP-ite mindsets in policy making and decision taking in national affairs and foreign relationship of Punjabi nation, managed, motivated and sponsored by the British rulers to eliminate the Muslim, Sikh, Hindu and Christian Punjabi’s into different religions and languages to secure their rule over last captured land and martial race of the subcontinent.

As a result, the Punjabi nation became a socially and politically depressed and deprived nation due to the domination of Urdu-Hindi language, the hegemony of Gunga Jumna culture and the supremacy of UP-ite traditions.

However, beside all the efforts of British rulers to demolish and eliminate the Punjabi nation, due to struggle of Punjabi nationalists during British rule in India, beside the dissimilarity of religion, because of natural affinity on ground of similar language, culture and tradition, Muslim Punjabi, Hindu Punjabi, Sikh Punjabi and Christian Punjabi were still a nation. Religion was a personal subject for building the moral character and spiritual development for the life of the hereafter. Punjabi nationalism was a subject for the worldly life affairs. Whereas, clans moreover, communities were the institutions for social interaction and charity work. Punjab was a secular region, the Punjabi language was a respectable language, Punjabi culture was an honorable culture and the Punjabi nation was a wealthy nation in the British India.

In the 19th century, due to politics of congress, dominated by the Hindi speaking, UP-ite Hindu leaders of UP, CP, Hindu Punjabi's started to prefer the Hindi language instead of Punjabi by declaring the Hindi as a language of Hindus and started to become clones of Gunga Jumna culture and traditions with the loss of their own Punjabi identity. Later on, Muslim Punjabi’s did the same and started to become the clones of Gunga Jumna culture and traditions with the loss of their own Punjabi identity, because of preferring the Urdu language upon Punjabi by declaring the Urdu as a language of Muslims, due to the influence of the Muslim League, dominated by the Urdu speaking, UP-ite Muslim leaders of UP, CP and presence of UP-ite Muslims in Punjab.  

As a consequence of preferring Hindi language by Hindu Punjabi’s by declaring the Hindi as a language of Hindus and preferring the Urdu language by the Muslim Punjabi’s by declaring the Urdu as a language of Muslims, the characteristics of assimilation to accomplish the sociological instinct started to switch over from “ Affinity of Nation to Emotions of Religion” and “A Great Nation of Sub-Continent Got Divided on Ground of Religion with Partition of Punjab and Got Emerged into Muslim and Hindu States, Pakistan and India”.

Hence, it started the fall of Punjabi nation and Punjabi people started to receive the reward of hate and regret from every honorable nation, in addition, the humiliation, loathing, and abuse from Hindi-Urdu speaking persons too. 

This was the punishment of Punjabi's for not respecting their motherland, language, culture, and traditions, due to avoiding, ignoring and rejecting the act of unity by natural affinity and attraction of the various tribes, castes and the inhabitants of the Punjab into a broader common "Punjabi" identity. 

Therefore, since the partition of British India, socially and politically, the Punjabi nation is a confused, depressed and deprived nation due to "Dilemma of Division of Punjab and Punjabi Nation", "Trauma of Massacre of 2 Million Punjabis" and " Shock of World Largest Mass Migration". Therefore, Punjabi's are hanging to relocate their ideology that; The dominant factor of their identity should be their nation? The dominant factor of their identity should be their religion? The dominant factor of their identity should be their state?

At present, the Punjabi nation is composed of 56% Muslim Punjabi community of Punjabi nation, 26% Hindu Punjabi community of Punjabi nation, 14% Sikh Punjabi community of Punjabi nation, 4% Christian Punjabi community of Punjabi nation.

After the division of British India with the creation of Pakistan, the Muslim Punjabi community of Punjabi nation and Christian Punjabi community of Punjabi nation opted Pakistan as their state, whereas, the Hindu Punjabi community of Punjabi nation and Sikh Punjabi community of Punjabi nation opted India as their state.

Although, Pakistani Muslim Punjabis are the majority population of Pakistan and they have total control on the agricultural sector, trade sector, industrial sector, educational institutions, skilled professions, media organizations, political organizations, civil bureaucracy, the military establishment and foreign affair institutions of Pakistan. But, since from creation of Pakistan, Pakistani Muslim Punjabis has felt uncomfortable and upset due to the insulting attitude and behavior with Pakistani Muslim Punjabis regarding social respect and regard of Punjabi people by the Non-Punjabi Muslims, victimization with the Punjabis in Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, hurdles in socioeconomic stability of the Pakistani Muslim Punjabi Community in Pakistan, conspiracies in the prosperity and integrity of Punjab by the Non-Punjabi Muslims of Pakistan.

Lot’s of time, Punjabi nationalists tried to gather and unite the Pakistani Muslim Punjabis for the struggle to achieve the goal of social respect and regard of Punjabi people, for fair treatment with the Pakistani Muslim Punjabis in Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, to remove the obstacles in socioeconomic stability of Pakistani Muslim Punjabis, to counter the conspiracies in prosperity and integrity of Punjab. But, the effort of uniting Pakistani Muslim Punjabis without stimulating awareness of their Punjabi identity in Punjabi masses and without providing them the consciousness of their Punjabi ideology, the effort of Punjabi nationalists always remained frail, fruitless and useless.

However, now it seems that Punjabi nationalists are succeeded in stimulating awareness of Punjabi identity in Pakistani Muslim Punjabi masses, therefore, now Punjabi nationalists are in the struggle to promote Punjabi language, culture, and traditions, along with, demand from Government of Punjab to implement Punjabi as an educational and official language of Punjab. But, it is an initial stage.

Punjabi nationalists are required to move forward and relocate the ideology of Punjabi nation too. Because, ideology is an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation and due to becoming clones of Urdu speaking, Gunga Jumna culture, people of UP, CP, Pakistani Muslim Punjabis had lost their characteristic of thinking as a Punjabi and they became addicted to acting as a Pakistani Muslim only by ignoring or withdrawing from their natural Punjabi affinity.

As the nation, religion, and state are realities, because their functions, intentions, principles, purposes, reasons, rules, and utilities are different, therefore, now Punjabi nationalists are required to provide the consciousness of Punjabi ideology too, to the Pakistani Muslim Punjabi masses, that;

1. They are inhabitants of the historic land of five rivers called as Punjab, their language is Punjabi, their culture is Punjabi and they attain the Punjabi traditions, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or religion, they are Punjabi and they are the part of Punjabi nation. That's why, as a Punjabi and being the largest population in the 9th biggest nation and Punjabi speaking population of the world and the 3rd biggest nation of South Asia, they are supposed to build up the respectable social, economic and political interaction with other religious communities of the Punjabi Nation, as well as, political stability, economic growth and social respect of their nation in the worldly life affairs.

2. They follow the teachings of Islam, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or nation, they are Muslim and they are the part of Muslim Ummah. That's why, as a Muslim Punjabi and being the 3rd largest ethnic community in the Muslim Ummah, they are supposed to practice Islam for their moral character building and the spiritual development of the life of the hereafter, moreover, respectable social, economic and political interaction with other ethnic communities of the Muslim Ummah.

3. They are the citizens of Pakistan, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or nation, they are Pakistani and they are the part of the Pakistani State (A state composed of the area of Indus Valley Civilization). That's why, as a Pakistani Muslim Punjabi and being the largest ethnic population in Pakistan, they are supposed to take part in the political stability, economic growth and social respect of their state Pakistan, furthermore, respectable social, economic and political interaction with other ethnic communities of Pakistan.

After division of British India with creation of Pakistan, the Christian Punjabi community of Punjabi nation also opted the Pakistan as their state, therefore, revival of Punjabi nationalism in the biggest religious community in Punjabi nation, i.e; Muslim Punjabi community of Punjabi nation will directly benefit the Christian Punjabi community of Punjabi nation due to creation of atmosphere and circumstances to accelerate the respectable social, economic and political interaction of Punjabi Muslims with the Punjabi Christians because, both the communities are part of same nation. For the purpose, Pakistani Christian Punjabis are required to determine that;

1. They are inhabitants of the historic land of five rivers called as Punjab, their language is Punjabi, their culture is Punjabi and they attain the Punjabi traditions, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or religion, they are Punjabi and they are the part of Punjabi nation. That's why, as a Punjabi and being the largest population in the 9th biggest nation and Punjabi speaking population of the world and the 3rd biggest nation of South Asia, they are supposed to build up the respectable social, economic and political interaction with other religious communities of the Punjabi Nation, as well as, political stability, economic growth and social respect of their nation in the worldly life affairs.

2. They follow the teachings of Lord Jesus Christ, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or nation, they are Christian and they are the part of Christian Ummah. That's why, as a Christian Punjabi, they are supposed to practice Christianity for their moral character building and the spiritual development of the life of the hereafter, moreover, respectable social, economic and political interaction with other ethnic communities of the Christian Ummah.

3. They are the citizens of Pakistan, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or nation, they are Pakistani and they are the part of the Pakistani State (A state composed of the area of Indus Valley Civilization). That's why, as a Pakistani Christian Punjabi and being the largest ethnic population in Pakistan, they are supposed to take part in the political stability, economic growth and social respect of their state Pakistan, furthermore, respectable social, economic and political interaction with other ethnic communities of Pakistan.

The Pakistani Muslim Punjabi community of Punjabi nation and Christian Punjabi community of Punjabi nation are the 60% population of Pakistan and Punjabis has total control on the agricultural sector, trade sector, industrial sector, educational institutions, skilled professions, media organizations, political organizations, civil bureaucracy, military establishment and foreign affair institutions of Pakistan. But, due to only 2% population of India, the Hindu Punjabi community of Punjabi nation and Sikh Punjabi community of Punjabi nation is not in a position to dominate the state of India. However, to participate in the revival of Punjabi nationalism, Indian Hindu Punjabi community of Punjabi nation and Indian Sikh Punjabi community of Punjabi nation is also required to determine their role; 1. As a Punjabi 2. As a Hindu/Sikh Punjabi. 3. As an Indian Hindu/Sikh Punjabi.

Saturday, 28 November 2015

Identity and Ideological Crisis of Pakistani Muslim Punjabi.

Punjabi nation is composed of 56% Muslim Punjabi community of Punjabi nation, 26% Hindu Punjabi community of Punjabi nation, 14% Sikh Punjabi community of Punjabi nation, 4% Christian Punjabi community of Punjabi nation.

Traditionally, Punjabi identity refers to those for whom the Punjabi language is the first language, those assimilated into the Punjabi culture, they attain the Punjabi traditions, who reside in the Punjab region and associate themselves with the Punjabi Nation, therefore, Punjabi identity is independent of race, color, creed or religion.

Punjabi is the 9th biggest nation and Punjabi speaking population of the world. Punjabi nation is the 3rd biggest nation of South Asia. Punjabi Muslims are the 3rd largest ethnic community in the Muslim Ummah. Punjabis are the largest ethnic population in Pakistan. (A state composed upon the area of Indus Valley Civilization).

But, since the partition of British India, socially and politically Pakistani Muslim Punjabis were a confused, depressed and deprived community due to "Dilemma of Division of Punjab and Punjabi Nation", "Trauma of Massacre of 2 Million Punjabis" and " Shock of World Largest Mass Migration". Therefore, Pakistani Muslim Punjabi's were hanging to relocate their ideology that; They are Pakistani? They are Muslim? They are Punjabi?

Since from creation of Pakistan, Pakistani Muslim Punjabis have felt uncomfortable and upset due to the victimization of Pakistani Muslim Punjabis regarding social respect and regard of Punjabi people by the Non-Punjabi Muslims, victimization with the Pakistani Muslim Punjabis in Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhawa, hurdles in socioeconomic stability of the Pakistani Muslim Punjabi Community in Pakistan, conspiracies in the prosperity and integrity of Punjab, Pakistan.

Lot’s of time, Punjabi nationalists tried to gather and unite the Pakistani Muslim Punjabis for the struggle to achieve the goal of social respect and regard of Punjabi people, for fair treatment with the Pakistani Muslim Punjabis in Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhawa, to remove the obstacles in socioeconomic stability of Pakistani Muslim Punjabis, to counter the conspiracies in prosperity and integrity of Punjab, Pakistan. But, effort of uniting Pakistani Muslim Punjabis without stimulating awareness of their Punjabi identity in Punjabi masses and without providing them the consciousness of their Punjabi ideology, they always remained frail, fruitless and useless.

However, now it seems that Punjabi nationalists are succeeded in stimulating awareness of Punjabi identity in Pakistani Muslim Punjabi masses, therefore, now Punjabi nationalists are in the struggle to promote Punjabi language, culture and traditions, along with, demand from Government of Punjab to implement Punjabi as an educational and official language of Punjab. But, it is an initial stage.

Punjabi nationalists are required to move forward and relocate the ideology of Punjabi nation too. Because, ideology is an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation and due to becoming clones of Urdu speaking, Gunga Jumna culture, people of UP, CP, Pakistani Muslim Punjabis had lost their characteristic of thinking as a Punjabi.

Therefore, now Punjabi nationalists are required to provide the consciousness of Punjabi ideology too, to the Pakistani Muslim Punjabi masses that;

1. They are inhabitants of the historic land of five rivers called as Punjab, their language is Punjabi, their culture is Punjabi and they attain the Punjabi traditions, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or religion, they are Punjabi and they are the part of Punjabi nation. That's why, as a Punjabi and being the largest population in the 9th biggest nation and Punjabi speaking population of the world and the 3rd biggest nation of South Asia, they are supposed to build up the respectable social, economic and political interaction with other religious communities of the Punjabi Nation, as well as, political stability, economic growth and social respect of their nation in the worldly life affairs.

2. They follow the teachings of Islam, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or nation, they are Muslim and they are the part of Muslim Ummah. That's why, as a Muslim Punjabi and being the 3rd largest ethnic community in the Muslim Ummah, they are supposed to practice Islam for their moral character building and the spiritual development for the life of the hereafter, moreover, respectable social, economic and political interaction with other ethnic communities of the Muslim Ummah.

3. They are the citizens of Pakistan, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or nation, they are Pakistani and they are the part of the Pakistani State (A state composed upon the area of Indus Valley Civilization). That's why, as a Pakistani Muslim Punjabi and being the largest ethnic population in Pakistan, they are supposed to take part in the political stability, economic growth and social respect of their state Pakistan, furthermore, respectable social, economic and political interaction with other ethnic communities of Pakistan.

Tuesday, 24 November 2015

Punjabis are in a Struggle to Revive the Punjabi Nationalism.

Punjabi identity refers to those for whom the Punjabi language is the first language, those assimilated into the Punjabi culture, they attain the Punjabi traditions, who reside in the Punjab region and associate themselves with the Punjabi Nation. Therefore, Punjabi identity is independent of race, color, creed or religion. However, from the prospect of religion, the Punjabi nation is composed of 56% Muslim Punjabis, 26% Hindu Punjabis, 14% Sikh Punjabis, 4% Christian Punjabis.

Punjabi is the 9th biggest nation and Punjabi speaking population of the world. The Punjabi nation is the 3rd biggest nation of South Asia. Punjabi Muslims are the 3rd largest ethnic community in the Muslim Ummah. Punjabis are the largest ethnic population in Pakistan. (A state composed of the area of Indus Valley Civilization). But, since the partition of British India, socially and politically Punjabis were a confused, depressed and deprived nation due to "Dilemma of Division of Punjab", "Trauma of Massacre of 2 Million Punjabis" and " Shock of World Largest Mass Migration". Therefore, Pakistani Punjabi's were hanging to relocate their ideology that; Are they Muslim? Are they Pakistani? Are they Punjabi? 

Actually, in the 1945-46, due to politics of congress dominated by the Hindi speaking, UP-ite Hindu leaders of UP, CP, Hindu Punjabi's started to prefer the Hindi language instead of Punjabi by declaring the Hindi as a language of Hindus and started to become clones of Gunga Jumna culture and traditions with the loss of their own Punjabi identity. Later on, Muslim Punjabi’s did the same and started to become the clones of Gunga Jumna culture and traditions with the loss of their own Punjabi identity, because of preferring the Urdu language upon Punjabi by declaring the Urdu as a language of Muslims, due to the influence of the Muslim League, dominated by the Urdu speaking, UP-ite Muslim leaders of UP, CP and presence of UP-ite Muslims in Punjab.  

As a consequence of preferring Hindi language by Hindu Punjabi’s by declaring the Hindi as a language of Hindus and preferring the Urdu language by the Muslim Punjabi’s by declaring the Urdu as a language of Muslims, the characteristics of assimilation to accomplish the sociological instinct, started to switch over from “ Affinity of Nation to Emotions of Religion” and “A Great Nation of Sub-Continent Got Divided on Ground of Religion with the Partition of Punjab and Got Emerged into the Muslim State Pakistan and Hindu State India”.

Hence, it completed the fall of Punjabi nation and Punjabi people started to receive the reward of hate and regret from every honorable nation, in addition, humiliation, loathing, and abuse from Hindi-Urdu speaking persons too. 

It was the punishment of Punjabi's for not respecting their motherland, language, culture, and traditions, due to avoiding, ignoring and rejecting the act of unity by natural affinity and attraction of the various tribes, castes and the inhabitants of the Punjab into a broader common "Punjabi" identity. 

However, now Pakistani Muslim Punjabis are on the way to come out from "Dilemma of Division of Punjab", "Trauma of Massacre of 2 Million Punjabis" and " Shock of World Largest Mass Migration", that is displacement of 20 Million Punjabis within few months due to division of Punjab for the sake of creating Pakistan in 1947 and overcome from the domination of Urdu language, hegemony of Gunga Jumna culture, supremacy of UP-ites and UP-ite mindsets clones of Gunga Jumna culture in policy making and decision taking of national affairs and foreign relations of the Punjabi nation and Pakistan.

In a matter of fact, Pakistani Muslim Punjabis had realized that; If we start speaking other languages and forget our own, we would not be we, we would be clones of an alien people; we would be aliens to ourselves" UNESCO, 1958.

Therefore, now Pakistani Muslim Punjabis had traced their identity that;

1. They are inhabitants of the historic land of five rivers called as Punjab, their language is Punjabi, their culture is Punjabi and they attain the Punjabi traditions, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or religion, they are Punjabi and they are the part of Punjabi nation. That's why, as a Punjabi and being the largest population in the 9th biggest nation and Punjabi speaking population of the world and the 3rd biggest nation of South Asia, they are supposed to build up the respectable social, economic and political interaction with other religious communities of the Punjabi Nation, as well as, political stability, economic growth and social respect of their nation in the worldly life affairs.

2. They follow the teachings of Islam, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or nation, they are Muslim and they are the part of Muslim Ummah. That's why, as a Muslim and being the 3rd largest ethnic community in the Muslim Ummah, they are supposed to practice Islam for their moral character building and the spiritual development of the life of the hereafter, moreover, respectable social, economic and political interaction with other ethnic communities of the Muslim Ummah.

3. They are the citizens of Pakistan, therefore, without discrimination of race, color, creed or nation, they are Pakistani and they are the part of the Pakistani State (A state composed of the area of Indus Valley Civilization). That's why, as a Pakistani and being the largest ethnic population in Pakistan, they are supposed to take part in the political stability, economic growth and social respect of their state and other ethnic population in Pakistan, furthermore, respectable social, economic and political interaction with other states of the world.

Hence, after tracing the identity with a revival of “Punjabi Nationalism”, now Pakistani Muslim Punjabi masses are on the way of “Punjabi Nationalism”. Therefore;

1. Pakistani Muslim Punjabi's are in the struggle to promote the Punjabi language, culture, and traditions. 

2. Pakistani Muslim Punjabi's are in the demand from the Government of Punjab to implement the Punjabi as an educational and official language of Punjab. 

3. After stability in agricultural sector, trade sector, industrial sector, education institutions, skilled professions, media organizations and political organizations of Pakistan, at present, Pakistani Muslim Punjabi's are in the way of dominating the civil bureaucracy, military establishment and foreign affair institutions for the policy-making and decision-making of the national and international affairs of Pakistan by replacing the control of UP-ite and UP-ite mindsets clones in policy-making of national and international affairs of Pakistan.

Monday, 23 November 2015

The Rise of Punjabi Nationalism.

Punjabis are the largest ethnic population in Pakistan. The Punjabi nation is the 3rd biggest nation of South Asia. Punjabi Muslims are the 3rd largest ethnic community in the Muslim Ummah. Punjabi is the 9th biggest nation and Punjabi Speaking population of the World.

Integration and assimilation are important parts of Punjabi culture since Punjabi identity is not based on tribal connections, race, color, creed or religion. More or less all Punjabis share the same cultural background.

Traditionally, from the initiation of Punjabi nationalism, Punjabi identity is primarily linguistic, geographical and cultural. Punjabi identity is independent of race, color, creed or religion, and refers to those for whom the Punjabi language is the first language, those who reside in the Punjab region and associate themselves with the Punjabi Nation.

Historically, the Punjabi people were a heterogeneous group and were subdivided into a number of clans called Biradari (literally meaning "Brotherhood") or Tribes, with each person bound to a clan. However, Punjabi identity also included those who did not belong to any of the historical tribes of the Punjab. With the passage of time tribal structures are coming to an end and are being replaced with more cohesion and holistic society. That is because of community building and group cohesiveness forms the new pillars of Punjabi society due to initiation of Punjabi nationalism.

The act of uniting by natural affinity and attraction of the various tribes, castes and the inhabitants of the Punjab into a broader common "Punjabi" identity with grooming of "Punjabi nationalism" started from the onset of the 18th century, when the Sikh Empire with Secular Punjabi Rule was established by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Prior to that the sense and perception of a common "Punjabi" ethnocultural identity and community did not exist, even though the majority of the various communities of the Punjab had long shared linguistic, cultural and racial commonalities.

Actually, from centuries, Punjab was under continuous attack by the foreign invaders. Almost 777 years of foreign rule, starting from the Turkish invader Mahmud of Ghazni in 1022 after ousting the Hindu Shahi ruler Raja Tarnochalpal, until the time Maharajah Ranjit Singh entered the gates of Lahore on July 7, 1799, Punjabis had not ruled their own land.

Before invasions of Ahmad Shah Abdali, the Mughals were the invaders of Punjab. Punjabi tribes, castes and the inhabitants of Punjab revolted against them, but in a personal capacity and without uniting by the natural affinity of Punjabi people. However, Punjabi Sufi Saints were in a struggle to awaken the consciousness of the people of Punjab. Guru Nanak condemned the theocracy of Mughal rulers and was arrested for challenging the acts of barbarity of the Mughal Emperor Babar. Shah Hussain approved Dulla Bhatti’s revolt against Akbar as; Kahay Hussain Faqeer Sain Da - Takht Na Milday Mungay.

During the late 18th century, due to lacking in unity by the natural affinity of the various tribes, castes and the inhabitants of the Punjab into a broader common "Punjabi" identity, after the decline of the Mughal Empire, led the Punjab region into a lack of governance. In 1747, the Durrani Empire was established by the Ahmad Shah Abdali in Afghanistan, therefore, Punjab saw frequent invasions by the Ahmad Shah Abdali, The great Punjabi poet Baba Waris Shah said of the barbaric and brutal situation that; "Khada Peeta Lahy Da, Baqi Ahmad Shahy Da" ("We Have Nothing With Us Except What We Eat And Wear, All Other Things Are For Ahmad Shah").

In the result of spiritual grooming and moral character building of Punjabi people by the Punjabi Saints and Punjabi poets like; Baba Farid - 12th-13th century, Damodar - 15th century, Guru Nanak Dev -15th - 16th century, Guru Angad - 16th century, Guru Amar Das - 15th - 16th century, Guru Ram Das - 16th century, Shah Hussain - 16th century, Guru Arjun Dev - 16th - 17th century, Bhai Gurdas - 16th - 17th century, Sultan Bahu - 16th-17th century, Guru Tegh Bahadur - 17th century, Guru Gobind Singh - 17th century, Saleh Muhammad Safoori - 17th century, Bulleh Shah - 17th-18th century, Waris Shah - 18th century and Frequent invasions by the foreign invaders, at last, by the Ahmad Shah Abdali, stimulated the natural affinity of Punjabi people, taught the lesson to the various tribes, castes and the inhabitants of the Punjab and forced them to unite into a broader common "Punjabi" identity. Therefore, Punjabi nationalism started to initiate in the people of the land of five rivers to defend their land, to protect their wealth, to save their culture and retain their respect by ruling their land and governing the people of their nation by their own self.

In the late 18th century, during frequent invasions of the Durrani Empire, the Sikh Misls were in close combat with the Durrani Empire, but they began to gain territory and eventually, the Bhangi Misl captured the Lahore. When Zaman Shah invaded Punjab again in 1799, Maharaja Ranjit Singh was able to make gains in the chaos. He defeated Zaman Shah in a battle between Lahore and Amritsar. The citizens of Lahore, encouraged by Sada Kaur, offered him the city and Maharaja Ranjit Singh was able to take control of it in a series of battles with the Bhangi Misl and their allies. Later Maharaja Ranjit Singh conquered the Kashmir valley, Ladakh, along with modern day Gilgit-Baltistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and annexed it into greater Punjab region by establishing Sikh Empire with Secular Punjabi Rule which provided the boost to the already initiated Punjabi nationalism.

Open Letter To The Chief Minister Punjab, Pakistan To Implant Punjabi Language.

The Honorable Mian Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif
Chief Minister of Punjab
Chief Minister House, Lahore
Punjab, Pakistan.

Subject: Request to implant the Punjabi Language as an Educational and Official Language of Punjab.

Honorable Chief Minister of Punjab,

It is the command of God that; We sent not an apostle except (to teach) in the language of his (own) people, in order to make (things) clear to them. (14-4)

By avoiding Punjabi language.
By disowning Punjabi culture.
By ignoring Punjabi traditions.

Punjabis are wasting their time.
Punjabis spoiled their personal life.
Punjabis are spoiling their social life.
Punjabis will spoil the future of their kids.

Punjabis don't know the real power of Punjabi.
Punjabis do not know the reality of Punjabi that;
Punjabis are the largest ethnic group in Pakistan.
Punjabi nation is the 9th biggest nation of the world.
Punjabi nation is the 3rd biggest nation of the South Asia.
Punjabi Muslims are the 3rd largest ethnic Muslim community in the World.

It is all, due to not providing the right of education in the mother language of Punjabi people and not declaring the Punjabi as an official language of Punjab.

Punjabi language has emerged as an independent language in the 12th century. Baba Fariduddin Ganjshakar is generally recognized as the first major poet of the Punjabi language. Revered by Muslims, he is considered one of the fifteen Sikh bhagats and selections from his work are included in the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh sacred scripture.

As the Punjabi language is groomed by the Sufi saints Baba Farid, Baba Nanak, Shah Hussain, Sultan Bahu, Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah, Khwaja Ghulam Farid, Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, therefore, Punjabi language has a spiritual background. Because of that, the Punjabi language has a potential for wisdom related inventions and intellects to develop a moral character for the good deeds of life and spiritual development for the life of the hereafter.

Punjabi language is an older language than Urdu and has a richer cultural and spiritual asset as compared to Urdu. Urdu as a language was created in 1800 CE after establishing the Fort William College in Calcutta by the British East India Company. After invading Punjab in 1849, Britishers planted the Urdu and Hindi in United Punjab for their political pity interests to divide the Punjabi nation by diverting the Muslim Punjabis towards Urdu language, Hindu Punjabis towards Hindi language and retaining the Punjabi language for Sikh Punjabis. Hence Urdu became a virus in the cultural and spiritual grooming of Muslim Punjabis.

Honorable Chief Minister of Punjab, If we start speaking other languages and forget our own, we would not be we, we would be clones of an alien people; we would be aliens to ourselves" UNESCO, 1958.

For skill related inventions and intellects, usually, international Lingua-Franca plays an essential role, whereas, for wisdom related inventions and intellects, spiritually rich language is of vital importance, especially if it is your mother language. Therefore, it is in the best interest of Punjabis to adopt the English as an international Lingua-Franca and Punjabi as their national language.

Honorable Chief Minister of Punjab, Punjabi is an actual, original and potential language of Punjab and Punjabi nation. A language groomed, patronized, propagated by the “Sufi Saints of Punjab”.

Honorable Chief Minister of Punjab, you are requested to take an earnest action to implant the Punjabi language as an educational language of Punjab to enhance the literacy rate in Punjab by providing the educational facility in the mother language of the people of Punjab.

Honorable Chief Minister of Punjab, you are requested to take an earnest action to implant the Punjabi language as an official language of Punjab to facilitate the people of Punjab in official dealing with the government departments of Punjab by providing the communication and correspondence facility in the mother language of the people of Punjab.

With Respect and Regards,

Shahbaz Arain

Lahore, Pakistan

Sunday, 22 November 2015

صوبائی زبانوں کو فوراَ نافذ اور قومی زبان کے لیے آئینی ترمیم کی جائے۔

پاکستان کی سپریم کورٹ نے آرٹیکل 251 کے احکامات کو بلا غیر ضروری تاخیر فوراَ نافذ کرنے کا حکم دیا ھوا ھے۔

سپریم کورٹ نے اپنے فیصلے کی تمہید میں کہا ھے کہ:

1۔ اس سے پہلے بھی ھم آرٹیکل 251 کے مندرجات کی اھمیت کی طرف توجہ دلوا چکے ھیں اور سرکاری امور میں قومی زبان اور صوبائی زبانوں کی ترویج کی اھمیت کو اجاگر کرچکے ھیں۔

2۔ عدالت نے مشاہدہ کیا ھے کہ حکومتِ پنجاب ' پنجابی زبان کو اس کا مقام دلوانے میں ناکام رھی ھے اور اس زبان کو حصولِ علم کا ذریعہ بنانے کے لیے کوئی خاطر خواہ اقدامات نہیں کیے گئے۔

3۔ دستور میں مہیا کردہ ذاتی وقار کے حق کا لازمی تقاضہ ھے کہ ریاست ھر مرد و زن شہری کی زبان کو چاھے وہ قومی ھو یا صوبائی ' ایک قابلِ احترام زبان کا درجہ ضرور دے۔

4۔ جب ریاست اس بات پر مصر ھوجائے کہ وہ زبانیں جو پاکستان کے شہریوں کی اکثریت بولتی ھے ' اس قابل نہیں ھیں کہ ان میں ریاستی کام انجام پا سکے تو پھر ریاست ان شہریوں کو حقیقی معنوں میں ان کے انسانی وقار سے محروم کر رھی ھے۔

5۔ اس بات میں کوئی شبہ نہیں کہ انفرادی اور اجتماعی وقار اور تعلیم باھم مربوط ھیں۔ تعلیم ' جو ایک بنیادی حق ھے ' براہ راست زبان سے تعلق رکھتی ھے۔

6۔ یونیسکو جیسا ادارہ بھی ' جو اقوامِ متحدہ کا تعلیمی ' سائنسی اور ثقافتی ادارہ ھے ' اس بات کی تائید کرتا ھے کہ بچے کو اس کی اپنی زبان میں ھی تعلیم دی جانی چاھیئے کیونکہ اپنی زبان ھی وہ زبان ھے جو اپنے گھر اور ماحول سے سیکھتا ھے اور اسی کے زیرِسایہ پروان چڑھتا ھے۔ لیکن حکومت اس اھم معاملے سے بے نیاز دکھائی دیتی ھے۔

حکومتوں کی بے عملی اور ناکامی کو سامنے رکھتے ھوئے ' ھمارے سامنے سوائے اسکے کوئی راستہ نہیں کہ ھم حکم جاری کریں: 

1۔ آرٹیکل 251 کے احکامات کو بلا غیر ضروری تاخیر فوراَ نافذ کیا جائے۔

2۔ بغیر کسی غیر ضروری تاخیر کے نگرانی کرنے اور باھمی رابط قائم رکھنے والے ادارے آرٹیکل 251 کو نافذ کریں اور تمام متعلقہ اداروں میں اس دفعہ کا نفاذ یقینی بنائیں۔

3۔ اس فیصلے کے اجراع کے بعد ' اگر کوئی سرکاری ادارہ یا اھلکار آرٹیکل 251 کے احکامات کی خلاف ورزی جاری رکھے گا تو جس شہری کو بھی اس خلاف ورزی کے نتیجے میں نقصان یا ضرر پہنچے گا ' اسے قانونی چارہ جوئی کا حق حاصل ھوگا۔

4۔ اس فیصلے کی نقل تمام وفاقی اور صوبائی معتمدین کو بھیجی جائے تاکہ وہ آرٹیکل 5 کی روشنی میں آرٹیکل 251 پر عمل درآمد کے لیے فوری طور پر اقدام اٹھائیں۔ وفاق اور صوبوں کی جانب سے اس ھدایت پر عمل درآمد کی رپورٹ تین ماہ کے اندر تیار ھوکر عدالت میں پیش کی جائے۔

آرٹیکل 251 کا متن ھے:

1۔ پاکستان کی قومی زبان اردو ھے اور آغاز سے 15 سال کے اندر اندر یہ انتظام کیا جائے کہ اسکو سرکاری اور دیگر مقاصد کے لیے استعمال کیا جائے۔

2۔ ذیلی دفعہ (1) کے اندر رھتے ھوئے انگریزی زبان اس وقت تک سرکاری زبان کے طور پر استعمال کی جاسکے گی جب تک اس کے انتظامات نہیں کیے جاتے کہ اس کی جگہ اردو لے لے۔

3۔ قومی زبان کے مرتبہ پر اثر انداز ھوئے بغیر ایک صوبائی اسمبلی بذریعہ قانون ایسے اقدامات کرسکتی ھے جس کے ذریعہ صوبائی زبان کے فروغ ' تدریس اور قومی زبان کے ساتھ ساتھ اس کے استعمال کا بھی بندوبست کیا جاسکے۔

سپریم کورٹ کا حکم چونکہ واضح طور پر آرٹیکل 251 کے نفاذ کے لیے ھے ' نہ کہ صرف آرٹیکل 251 (1) کے نفاذ کے لیے۔ اس لیے سپریم کورٹ کا حکم صرف اردو زبان کے نفاذ تک محدود نہیں رکھا جاسکتا۔ بلکہ آرٹیکل 251 کے نفاذ کا مطلب  " اردو زبان کا بطور سرکاری زبان نفاذ اور قومی زبان کے متوازی صوبائی زبانوں کا فروغ ھے"۔ اس لیے سپریم کورٹ کے حکم کے بعد اب پاکستان کے وفاقی اداروں میں اردو زبان استعمال ھوگی  جبکہ پنجاب کے صوبائی اداروں میں پنجابی ' سندھ کے صوبائی اداروں میں سندھی ' خیبر پختونخواہ کے صوبائی اداروں میں ھندکو اور بلوچستان کے صوبائی اداروں میں براھوی استعمال ھوگی۔

سپریم کورٹ کا حکم اگر صرف آرٹیکل 251 (1) کے نفاذ کے لیے ھوتا تو اس سے مراد صرف اردو زبان کا بطور سرکاری زبان نفاذ ھوتا لیکن سپریم کورٹ کا حکم چونکہ آرٹیکل 251 کے نفاذ کے لیے ھے اور آرٹیکل 251 کے نفاذ کا مطلب آرٹیکل 251 (1) ' آرٹیکل 251 (2) آرٹیکل 251 (3) کا نفاذ ھے۔ اس لیے پنجاب حکومت اور معزز اراکینِ پنجاب اسمبلی سے پنجاب کے عوام کا مطالبہ ھے کہ پنجاب اسمبلی فوری طور پر پنجابی زبان کو تعلیمی اور دفتری زبان بنانے کے لیے قانون سازی کرے۔

پنجابی قوم ' سماٹ قوم ' ھندکو قوم اور بروھی قوم کے لیے بھی ضروری ھے کہ اس سازش کی مذمت کریں کہ سپریم کورٹ کے حکم کو صرف اردو زبان کے بطور سرکاری زبان نفاذ تک محدود رکھ کر مشتہر کیا جا رھا ھے۔ جبکہ سپریم کورٹ نے حکم جاری کیا ھے کہ: "آرٹیکل 251 کے احکامات کو بلا غیر ضروری تاخیر فوراَ نافذ کیا جائے"۔

پاکستان کی زمین پر گذشتہ 68 سال سے پنجابی ' سماٹ ' ھندکو اور بروھی قوموں کی زبان کو نظر انداز کرکے ' اردو زبان کو  پنجابی ' سماٹ ' ھندکو اور بروھی قوموں پر مسلط کرکے وادیِ مہران کی تہذیب و ثقافت کی حامل  پنجابی ' سماٹ ' ھندکو اور بروھی قوموں کو گنگا ' جمنا تہذیب و ثقافت اختیار کرنے پر مجبور کیا جارھا ھے۔ حالانکہ بنگالی قوم جو آبادی کے لحاظ سے پنجابی ' سماٹ ' ھندکو اور بروھی قوموں کی مجموعی آبادی سے بھی زیادھ تعداد میں تھی ' اردو زبان اور گنگا ' جمنا تہذیب و ثقافت اختیار کرنے سے انکار کرکے  1971 میں ھی پاکستان سے الگ ھو کر اپنی زمین پر اپنی زبان ' تہذیب ' ثقافت کو بحال کرکے ' اردو زبان کی بالادستی سے نجات حاصل کرچکی ھے اور پنجابی ' سماٹ ' ھندکو اور بروھی قومیں مستقل مطالبات کررھی ھیں۔

اصل حقیقت یہ ھے کہ اردو کے ساتھ یوپی ' سی پی کے اردو اسپیکنگ ھندوستانی مھاجروں کے علاوھ کسی کو دلچسپی نہیں. پاکستان کے دیہی علاقوں میں رھنے والے پنجابی ' سماٹ ' ھندکو اور بروھی تو ویسے ھی اردو نہیں بولتے لیکن پاکستان کے بڑے بڑے شہروں میں رھنے والے پنجابی ' سماٹ ' ھندکو اور بروھی بھی خوشی سے نہیں بلکہ صوبوں میں بھی اردو کے دفتری اور تعلیمی زبان ھونے کی وجہ سے مجبورا اردو بولتے ھیں. اس لیے سپریم کورٹ کے " آرٹیکل 251 کے احکامات کو بلا غیر ضروری تاخیر فوراَ نافذ کرنے " کے حکم کے بعد اب فوری طور پر آرٹیکل 251 (3) کے نفاذ کے لیے پنجاب کی تعلیمی اور دفتری زبان پنجابی ' سندھ کی سندھی' پختونخواہ کی ھندکو اور بلوچستان کی براھوی کرنے کے ساتھ ساتھ آرٹیکل 251 (1) کے نفاذ کے ناقابلِ عمل ھونے کی وجہ سے آرٹیکل 251 (1) میں آئینی ترمیم کرکے " پاکستان کی قومی زبان اردو ھے" کے بجائے " پاکستان کی قومی زبان پنجابی' سندھی' ھندکو اور براھوی ھے" کردیا جائے۔