Wednesday, 31 August 2016

Bahawalpur State and Daudpota Abbasi's.

The Daudpota Abbasi's are Arabic origin and descent from Abbas, progenitor of the Abbasid Caliphs of Baghdad and Cairo. The exodus of the Abbasides nobles of Egypt to India had started in the reign of Muhammad Taughlak_bin_Ghiasuddin. This Taughlak emperor of India recognized the Abbassides Caliph, Abdul Abbas_Al_Hakim in Egypt and accepted his spiritual leadership. He even got the name of the caliph inscribed on the Indian coinage of his reign.

In 1366 A.D Amir Sultan Ahmed 11, Abbasi, fiftieth direct descendant from Abdul Qasim Ahmed (the first Abbasid Caliph ruled in Egypt ) migrated to India with his family and a few hundred of followers entered into South through Baluchistan and settled down in Sindh. He married a daughter of Raja Rai Dhorang Sahta, receiving a third of the country in dowry.

Amir Fathu'llah Khan Abbasi is the recognized ancestor of the dynasty. He conquered the bhangar territory from Raja Dallu of Alor and Bhamanabad, renaming it Qahir Bela. Those Arabs who had already settled in Sindh rallied round the Amir. In the course of time, the Amir's family gradually moved northward losing much to the ruler of Jaisalmer.

Amir Bahadur Khan Abbasi, the chief of Daudpota then came to power, he and his descendants wielded small principalities in Bahawalpur state into a 
united kingdom. Daud Khan was the first person of his family to rule Bahawalpur. Daud Khan was originated from Sindh, where he had opposed the Afghan Governor of that province and was forced to flee.

In 1540, Duddees, a well-known tribe rose to considerable power in the eastern part of Bahawalpur. Amir Muhammad Chani Khan Abbasi entered the imperial service and gained appointment as a Panchhazari in 1583 by Prince Murad (the son of emperor Akbar Khan the Great). At his death, the leadership of the tribe was contested between two branches of the family, the Daudpota's and the Kalhoras.

After the death of Amir Mohammad Channi Khan, quarrels arose between the two sections of Abbasis, the Kalhora and Daudpota tribes. The Arab tribes settled in Bahawalpur, sided with the latter that were destined to create and rule the 
Bahawalpur state.

Amir Muhammad Mubarik Khan 1, Abbasi who came to the power in 1702, was an able commander and leader. Throughout his reign, he had to fight many battles against Kalhoras. He abdicated in 1723 A.D in favor of his son, Sadiq Mohammad Khan 1, who was killed in battle with Khuda Yar Kalhora.

Amir Mohammad Bahawalpur Khan 1, (1746-1949) ascended the throne in 1746. During his short rule, he built the towns of Bahawalpur, Qaimpur, Hasilpur, Tranda Ali Murad Khan, Shabazpur and Mohammadpur Lamman. During his reign, three canals namely Khan Wah, Qutab Wah and Wahi Qaider Dina were dug. As a result, the agriculture of the state improved considerably and the people became prosperous.

Amir Muhammad Mubarik Khan 11 Abbasi ( 1749-1772 ) succeeded Amir Muhammed Bahawal Khan 1 Abbasi. In 1750, he captured Marot, Jaisalmer, and Madwala and its dependencies west of the Sutlej and Panjnad, now part of Muzaffargarh district from Nahrs. Bet Doma territory which belonged to Makhdum Sheikh Raju of Sitpur was also conquered. Later a part of the country including the important towns of Dunyapur and Kahror were occupied.

In 1776, the Sikhs confederate jhanda Singh, Ganda Singh and Hari Singh invaded the Amir's trans-Sutlej territories but were repulsed. Pakpattan was fixed as the boundary between Bahawalpur and the Sikh state.

Amir Mohammad Mubarak Khan 11 Abbasi was an able administrator and a powerful ruler. He took a keen interest in building his army. Many of the forts on the border of the state were built during his reign. He kept the Sikhs in check. Many canals on which the prosperity of the district depended were constructed during his time.

Amir Muhammad Bahawal Khan II, Abbasi succeeded him and ruled from 1772 to 1809 A.D. He assumed the title of Muhammad Bahawal Khan II.

From 1785 to 1788, Amir had to encounter Taimur Shah, the powerful Durrani monarch of Kabul. Bahawalpur was plundered by Durranis, the town was burnt and destroyed. The 
Fort Derawar was also occupied and Taimur Shah garrisoned it with troops under his general Shah Muhammad Khan Badozai, but eventually the Amir drove out the Durranis after fighting many fierce battles.

In 1802 Shah Muhammad of Kabul sent a valuable Khilat and title of Mukhlis-ud-daudla. A mint was started at 
Bahawalpur in 1802, where gold, silver and copper coins were made.

After Muhammad Bahawal Khan 11, prince Abdullah Khan under the title of Sadiq Muhammad Khan II ( 1809-1825 ) was proclaimed Amir of 
Bahawalpur. The greater part of his reign passed in repelling the attacks of the Amirs of Sindh, in suppressing the rebellions of his own Umaras and protecting his conquered territories.

On the death of Amir Sadiq Mohammad Khan II in 1825 A.D, Amir Bahawal Khan III ascended the throne in 1825 at Derawar. He ruled from 1825-1852 A.D. On his accession to the throne Amir sent presents to Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Maharaja also sent his congratulations and some presents to Amir.

As some dues for the lease of Dera Ghazi Khan had not been paid for several years, Maharaja Ranjit Singh sent a force under General Venture to expel the governor, appointed there by the Amir of Bahawalpur, without giving him any opportunity for parley.

General Ventura occupied Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh and Multan, and they thus passed from the rule of the state. The Amir was very upset at this loss. Alliance with neighboring states Sindh, 
Bikaner or Jaisalmer were out of the question for they were already hostile to Bahawalpur.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh sent a large force under Sham Singh Atariwala to Kahoror to invade the state on any pretext. There upon the Amir sent an envoy to the British Governor General at Simla to invoke his intervention. Lord William Bentinck, the British Governor General, accepted the proposal and Maharaja Ranjit Singh was warned not to cross the Sutlej.

The first treaty between Bahawalpur and the British government was affected in 1883. The Nawab entered into Treaty relations with the HEIC, 
22nd February 1833. which remained in force till the August 14th, 1947. The state acceded to the Dominion of Pakistan on 7th October 1947 and was merged into the state of West Pakistan on 14th October 1955.

In 1833 Nawab negotiated a treaty of friendship and alliance with the British. In 1842 Parganas of Kot Sabzal and Ghung Bhara lost by the state, in 1807 were conquered by the British from the Mirs of Sindh and resorted to Bahawalpur state by Sir Charles Napier.

In 1848 the Amir of 
Bahawalpur assisted the British in the battle of Multan. As a result of Bahawalpur-British alliance Multan fell and was made part of the British Indian territory.

On the death of Amir Bahawal Khan III, Sadiq Mohammad Khan III, (1852-1853 ) was crowned as Amir. On assuming rule, he confined prince Haji Khan and his brothers and treated them harshly. A large number of the Bahawalpur army was demobilized. All the grants, rights and claims of Daudpotas and other usual expenses were diminished and abolished. These events made the Amir unpopular.

On the 29th of Rabi-ul-Sani, 1269 A.H, Fateh Garh Fort was attacked at night. Prince Haji Khan who was kept as a prisoner was freed and brought to Khanpur. Haji Khan entered Ahmedpur East without any resistance and Sadiq Muhammad Khan 111 was imprisoned. Prince Rahim Yar Khan succeeded his father, the late Amir Fateh Khan Abbasi, as Muhammad Bahawal Khan IV ( 1858-1866 ). He was poisoned and died on 
the 25th March 1866.

On the death of Bahawal Khan IV, Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV was crowned when he was four and half years old. He was installed in 1879 when he attained maturity. In the interim period from 1866 to 1879, British Officers supervised the state.


Amir Muhammad Bahawal Khan V, the next successor was about 16 years of age at the time of his father's death in 1907. He was then a child of three years old. He ruled the state till 1955 when it was integrated into the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Saturday, 13 August 2016

انگریز کے 1936ء میں بنائے گئے "صوبہ سندھ" اور "وادئ سندھ" میں فرق ھے۔

دریائے سندھ اور اسکے معاون دریاؤں جہلم ' چناب ' راوی ' ستلج اور کابل کے آس پاس کے میدانی علاقوں کو عرف عام میں "وادئ سندھ" کہا جاتا ہے۔ جسکا علاقہ مغرب میں پاکستانی صوبہ بلوچستان سے لے کر مشرق میں گنگا جمنا تہذیب کے حامل اتر پردیش کی سرحد دریائے جمنا تک پھیلا ہوا ہے۔ جبکہ شمال میں شمالی افغانستان کے علاقہ بدخشاں سے لے کر جنوب میں بھارتی ریاست مہاراشٹر کی سرحد تک پھیلا ہوا ہے۔

وادئ سندھ سے مراد صرف 1936 میں وجود میں آنے والا صوبہ سندھ ہی نہیں ہے۔ بلکہ موجودہ پاکستان ' افغانستان کا مشرقی حصہ ' راجستھان اور گجرات کا مغربی حصہ ' وادئ سندھ میں شمار ہوتا ہے۔ وادی سندھ ' ہمالیہ' قراقرم اور ہندوکش کے پہاڑی سلسلوں سے نکلنے والے دریاؤں سے سیراب ہوتی ہے اور ان پہاڑی سلسلوں کے جنوب میں واقع ہے۔

زرخیز زمین ' مناسب پانی اور موزوں درجۂ حرارت کی وجہ سے وادیٰ سندھ زراعت اور انسانی رہائش کے لیے موزوں ہے۔ اسی وجہ سے انسان کی ابتدائی بستیاں وادی سندھ میں بسیں جو بالآخر وادیؑ سندھ کی تہذیب "انڈس ویلی سولائزیشن" کہلائیں۔ پنجابی ' سماٹ ' ھندکو ' بروھی ' راجستھانی اورگجراتی قومیں "انڈس ویلی سولائزیشن" کی اصل قومیں ہیں۔

برصغیر پر مکمل برطانوی قبضے کے بعد انگریزوں کو خدشہ تھا کہ وادئ سندھ میں کسی بھی وقت مزاحمت کا سامنا کرنا پڑسکتا ہے۔ وادئ سندھ برصغیر کے شمال مغرب میں واقع منفرد جغرافیائی ' تاریخی اور تہذیبی اہمیت کا حامل خطہ ہے۔ یہاں کے باسیوں نے ہمیشہ بیرونی جارحیت کے خلاف مزاحمت کی اور اسی مزاحمتی تناظر کے پیش نظرانگریزوں نے وسیع منصوبہ بندی کی اور سب سے اہم کام وادئ سندھ کی تہذیبی اساس پر کاری ضرب لگانے کا کیا۔

1843ء تک انگریزوں نے وادئ سندھ  کے جنوب کے تمام علاقوں پر قبضہ کرلیا اوران تمام علاقوں کو انتظامی طور پر بمبئی پریزیدینسی میں شامل کردیا۔ وادئ سندھ کو تقسیم کرنے اور متنازعہ بنانے کیلئے وادئ سندھ کا نام چرا کر وادئ سندھ کے اس چھوٹے سے حصے سے منسوب کردیا۔ وادئ سندھ کے جنوب میں الگ الگ تشخص رکھنے والے ان تمام علاقوں کو ایک ہی حکومت کی سپردگی میں دے کر ایک ہی نام سندھ سے مشتہر کرنا شروع کردیا۔ جس میں تالپور علاقہ سِرو ' بکھر وغیرہ ' ساحلی علاقہ کراچی اور راجپوتانہ ریاست تھر شامل تھی۔ آزاد ریاست خیرپور کو بھی اس نام نہاد سندھ کا ہی حصہ کہا گیا۔

انگریزوں نے وادئ سندھ کا نام ختم کرنے اور وادئ سندھ کے ہی اس جنوبی حصے کو بطور سندھ مشہور کرنے کیلئے سرکاری سرپرستی میں بہت سی کتب لکھوائیں۔ جن میں اس نئے ایجاد کردہ سندھ کو دنیا کا قدیم ترین خطہ ثابت کرنے کے لئے زمین آسمان کے قلابے ملائے گئے تاکہ نئی نسلوں کو وادئ سندھ کے متعلق گمراہ کیا جائے۔ دلچسپ امر یہ ہے کہ انگریز سرکار کی سرپرستی میں سندھ کی قدامت پر وہ لوگ کتابیں لکھ رہے تھے جن کا اپنا تعلق بلوچ اور عرب نسل کے قبضہ گیروں سے تھا۔

اس کے علاوہ انگریز حکومت نے ایک اور پراجیکٹ پر بھی کام کیا۔ وہ تھا سندھی زبان کی تیاری۔ اس سلسلے میں انگریزوں نے سرکاری وسائل کو بروئے کار لاتے ہوئے بہت کام کیا اوراس کیلئے مہران کی بولی کو بطور خام مال منتخب کیا جسے مہرانی ' مہران جی بولی ' ساہتی اور دیگر کئی ناموں سے پکارا جاتا تھا۔ اس کچی بولی پر سندھی کا لیبل لگایا گیا۔ عربی رسم الخط کی بنیاد پر ایک رسم الخط ایجاد کروایا اور اس نئی زبان کیلئے گرائمر بھی مرتب کروائی۔ سندھی نامی اس نئی زبان کے فروغ کیلئے سرکاری آشیرباد پر کتابیں لکھوائیں اور کتابیں لکھنے والے ان مصنفین کو اعزازات اور انعامات سے نوازا جاتا تھا۔ انگریزوں نے اس نئی زبان سندھی کو سرکاری زبان کا درجہ دیا۔

اس کے برعکس انگریز سرکار نے وادئ سندھ کے باقی علاقوں میں ایسی کوئی پُھرتی اور مہارت نہیں دکھائی بلکہ باقی تمام وادئ سندھ میں ہندوستان کی گنگا جمنا تہذیت والی زبان اُردو کو نافذ کردیا یہی ایک تضاد سب کچھ سمجھا دینے کیلئے کافی ہے۔

انگریزوں کا سندھ پراپیگنڈا کامیاب ہونے لگا اوراس پراپیگنڈے کے زیراثر برصغیر میں وادئ سندھ کے اس جنوبی حصے کو سندھ کہا جانے لگا اور قائد اعظم نے اپنے چودہ نکات میں اس علاقے کو سندھ کہا۔

انگریزوں کا سندھ پراپیگنڈے کی کامیابی کے بعد اگلا منصوبہ اسے صوبے کا درجہ دینے کا تھا۔ بالآخر انگریز سرکار نے اپنے سندھ پراپیگنڈے کی کامیابی اور تمام تر ہوم ورک مکمل ہوجانے کے بعد اس علاقے کو بمبئی پریزیڈینسی سے الگ کرکے یکم اپریل 1936ء کو ''سندھ'' کا لیبل لگا کر صوبہ بنادیا۔

انگریزوں نے یہ سارا اہتمام کسی مخصوص علاقے یا لوگوں کے مفاد میں نہیں بلکہ دنیا کی عظیم ترین تہذیب وادئ سندھ کی سالمیت ختم کرنے اور اسے متنازعہ بنانے کیلئے کیا۔ سچ تو یہ ہے کہ یہ علاقہ برطانوی قبضے سے پہلے نہ کبھی متحدہ خطے کی صورت میں موجود رہا اور نہ ہی اس علاقے کا نام سندھ تھا اور نہ ہی انگریز سرکار کی محنت سے پہلے کسی سندھی نامی زبان کا وجود تھا۔

محض 80 سال پہلے یکم اپریل 1936ء کو انگریزوں کے ہاتھوں پیدا ہونے والا یہ ٹیسٹ ٹیوب بے بی (سندھ دھرتی ماتا) آج ہزاروں سال قدیم ہے۔ جی ہاں ! 80 سال پہلے وجود میں آنے والا اب ہزاروں سال قدیم ہے اور اس کا زور شور کے ساتھ ' بڑہ چڑہ کر چرچا ' اس علاقے کے اصل باشندوں سماٹ سے زیادہ ' چند سو سال پہلے اس علاقے میں آنے والے بلوچ اور عرب نسل کے قبضہ گیر کرتے رہتے ہیں۔ جو سماٹ کے بجائے خود کو وادئ سندھ کے اس علاقے ' بلکہ وادئ سندھ کا ہی اصل وارث قرار دیتے ھیں۔ "جو چاہے آپ کا حُسنِ کرشمہ ساز کرے"۔

Friday, 12 August 2016

Dialects of Pashto Language.

Pashto dialects are divided into two varieties, the "hard" northern variety Pax̌to, and the "soft" southern variety Paṣ̌to.

Each variety is further divided into a number of dialects. The southern dialect of Wanetsi is the most distinctive of the dialects.

The geographic dividing line between the southern and the northern variety passes through the Urozgan, Zabul, and Paktika provinces of Afghanistan, then cuts across the Durand Line border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and runs further north-eastwards to the Kohat and Nowshera districts of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

The hard Pax̌to is spoken in eastern and northeastern Afghanistan, central, northern, and eastern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and northern and central Federally Administered Tribal Areas.

The soft Paṣ̌to is spoken to the south of it, in southern and western Afghanistan, northern Balochistan, southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and southern Federally Administered Tribal Areas.

Ethnologue divides Pashto into Southern Pashto, Northern Pashto, Central or Wanetsi Dialect of Pashto.

1. Southern Variety of Pashto.

Kandahari dialect (or Southern dialect)
Kakar dialect (or Southeastern dialect)
Shirani dialect
Marwat–Lodi–Bettani dialect
Southern Karlani group
Khattak dialect
Banuchi dialect
Masidwola dialect
Wazirwola dialect

2. Northern Variety of Pashto.

Northern Karlani group
Taniwola dialect
Khosti dialect
Zadran–Mangal dialect
Afridi dialect
Bangash–Turi–Zazi dialect
Khogyani dialect
Wardak dialect
Ghilji dialect (or Northwestern dialect)
Northern dialect (or Eastern dialect)
Yusufzai dialect (or Northeastern dialect)

3. Central or Wanetsi Dialect of Pashto.

Literary Pashto, or Standard High Pashto, is the standardized variety of Pashto developed by Radio Television Afghanistan and Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan in Kabul.

It's phonetics are based on the Central Pashto dialect (also called Northwestern Pashto), which is spoken in the central Ghilji region (Kabul, northern Wardak, Logar, Ghazni, Gardez, and some other areas in the vicinity), but its vocabulary also derives from the Kandahari dialect.

It has adopted neologisms to coin new terms from already existing words or phrases and introduce them into the Pashto lexicon.

This, Educated Standard Pashto is learned in the curriculum that is taught in the primary schools in the country. It is used for writing and formal spoken purposes and in the domains of media and government.

Regional Standards of Pashto.

There are several regional standard forms of Pashto, which have high prestige, and serve as a means of communication between the various tribal communities in those regions.

Kandahari Regional Standard.

Kandahari Pashto, also called Southern Pashto, is the prestige variety of Pashto in southern and western Afghanistan, and the Balochistan province of Pakistan.

Northern Regional Standard

Northern Pashto, also called Eastern Pashto, is the prestige variety of Pashto in eastern and northeastern Afghanistan, and the northern part of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. This dialect is mostly same to Yusufzai or Peshawari Pashto.

Yusufzai or Peshawari Regional Standard

Yusufzai Pashto, also called Peshawari or Northeastern Pashto, is the prestige variety of Pashto in central, northern, and eastern parts of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Punjabi Nationalists Nu Hun Karna Ki Chai Da A?

Kenday nay k j Haathi nu apni taqat da pata chul jaay tay Haathi day pairaan vich sungli paa k es nu bunya na ja sakay.

Punjabi v Haathi wung a. Punjabi nu v apni taaqat da nai pata. Punjabiyan nu a pata e nai k Punjabi Indian Subcontinent di 3rd wadi tay dunya di 9th wadi Qoom a ays kar k chotiyaan chotiyaan Qooman tay Qabilay Punjabi Qoom nu hiki phir day nay. Punjabi Qoom day tootay karn vich lagay raynday nay. Punjab tay Qabza kar day ja raay nay. Punjabiyan nu Religion tay Region base tay laraa laraa k Punjab wundun ch lagay raynday nay. Kaday Dialects tay kaday Baraadri vich laraa k Punjabiyan nu tabah kari ja raay nay. Saraiki ya South Punjab v Punjab tay Punjabi Qoom day Tootay karn tay Punjabi Qoom nu Tabaah karn di chaal e a.

A Saraiki tay cocktail nay Arabic, Afghani tay Baloch qabza geeran da. Punjab vich unj v a gharay di machi nay, ays laee inna tay time waste karn di loor nai. Inna ki kar lyna a Punjab tay Punjabiyan da.


Sindhi unj e Sammat nay jinna tay Balochan qabza kita hoya a. Baloch v rural areas day ryn waalay nay, Pakistan day ek v urban center tay inna Balocan da hold nai. A Baloch, Sind tay Baluchistan day rural areas day qabza geer nay.


Pathan unj e FATA howay ya KPK, Baluchistan howay ya Karachi, Sind howay ya Punjab, her thaan tay dur ba dur phir raay nay.


Ays laee behtar a k Punjabi nationalists apna time tay talent aik tay Urdu-Hindi tay Urdu-Hindi Speaking Hindustaniyan kolon jaan chadaan tay laan, dooja Punjabiyan da political conscious level wadhaan tay laan, ta k Punjabi apnay aap nu 9th bigger nation of the world tay 3rd bigger nation of Indian subcontinent hon day status nu establish karn day naal naal improve v karn.


People aam tour tay Religion tay Nation day disputes day kar k aapas vich larday nay. Punjabi nation v Religion day disputes day kar k aapas vich lar k divide hoee par ays waylay Punjabi nation kool golden chance a. Muslman Punjabiyan kol Pakistan a jys vich being Muslman, Punjabi apna Religion practice kar sakday nay. Sikh Punjabiyan kol Khalistan a jithay Sikh Punjabi apna Religion practice kar sakday nay. Hindu Punjabiyan kol Haryanistan a jithay Hindu Punjabi apna Religion practice kar sakday nay. Ays taraan Punjabiyan day hun Religious grounds tay aapas vich larai karn day chances tay hyn nai. Hun Muslman Punjabi, Sikh Punjabi, Hindu Punjabi, Punjabi nation nu bunyaad bana k aapas vich unite ho sakday nay. Pakistan +Khalistan + Haryanistan nu unite kar k Dhurti v sanjhi kar sakday nay, Punjab tay Punjabi Qoom day Dushmuna naal v saanjhay ho k araam naal nibar sakday nay.


Pakistan vich Punjabi population 60% a. Pakistan vich Qoom sirf Punjabi a. Sindhi, Urdu Speaking Hindustani, Baloch, Pathan, Qooman nai Qabail nay. Sindhiyan di majority, Sind vich ryndi a. Urdu Speaking Hindustani di majority, Karachi vich ryndi a. Balochan di majority, Baluchistan vich ryndi a. Pathana di majority, KPK vich ryndi a. Jud k Punjabi, Punjab vich tay hyn e par, Punjab toun elaawa Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan, KPK vich v 2nd biggest majority nay.


Pakistan + Khalistan + Haryanistan = Punjabistan banaan tu baad jayray Punjabi Sikh tay Punjabi Hindu, Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan, KPK chon East Punjab waalay passay chalay gaay sun tay unna di property tay Sindhiyan, Urdu Speaking Hindustaniyan, Balochan, Pathana qabzay kar lay sun, o Sikh Punjabiyan tay Hindu Punjabiyan diyaan properties Sindhiyan, Urdu Speaking Hindustaniyan, Balochan, Pathana kolon lay k waapas Sikh Punjabiyan tay Hindu Punjabiyan nu day dityaan jaan geyaan.


Pakistan + Khalistan + Haryanistan = Punjabistan banaan tu baad Muslman Punjabi, Sikh Punjabi, Hindu Punjabi rull k Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan, KPK nu v oodaan e develop kar dayn gay jidaan Pakistan day bunun tu baad Muslman Punjabiyan nay Punjab, Sikh Punjabiyan nay Khalistan tay Hindu Punjabiyan nay Haryanistan nu develop kita.


Delhi to Kabul and Srinagar to Sukkur tay before division of British India, Punjab hoonda c. After dividing Punjab for creating Pakistan on Religious bases tay after attempting to divide Punjab after creation of Pakistan on ground of Dialects, hun Punjab nu Delhi to Peshawar and Kashmir to Karachi tak, Punjab e samjhayaa jaay. Kyon k a Indus Valley Civilization da area a. Indus Valley Civilization lokaan nu samajh nai aandi es lae Indus Valley Civilization nu hun Punjab (Indus) Valley Civilization likhya jaana chai da a.

As you sow so shall you reap. Therefore, Punjabistan is inevitable now. No one is able to stop confederation or unification of Punjab and Punjabi nation.