Pashto dialects are divided into two varieties, the "hard" northern variety Pax̌to, and the "soft" southern variety Paṣ̌to.
Each variety is further divided into a number of dialects. The southern dialect of Wanetsi is the most distinctive of the dialects.
The geographic dividing line between the southern and the northern variety passes through the Urozgan, Zabul, and Paktika provinces of Afghanistan, then cuts across the Durand Line border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and runs further
north-eastwards to the Kohat and Nowshera districts of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.
The hard Pax̌to is spoken in eastern and northeastern
, central, northern, and eastern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and northern and central Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Afghanistan
The soft Paṣ̌to is spoken to the south of it, in southern and western
, northern Balochistan, southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and southern Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Afghanistan
1. Southern Variety of Pashto.
◾Kandahari dialect (or Southern dialect)
◾Kakar dialect (or Southeastern dialect)
◾Southern Karlani group
2. Northern Variety of Pashto.
◾Northern Karlani group
◾Ghilji dialect (or Northwestern dialect)
◾Northern dialect (or Eastern dialect)
◾Yusufzai dialect (or Northeastern dialect)
3. Central or Wanetsi Dialect of Pashto.
Literary Pashto, or Standard High Pashto, is the standardized variety of Pashto developed by Radio Television
and Afghanistan of Academy of Sciences in Afghanistan . Kabul
It's phonetics are based on the Central Pashto dialect (also called Northwestern Pashto), which is spoken in the central Ghilji region (
, northern Wardak, Logar, Ghazni, Gardez, and some other areas in the vicinity), but its vocabulary also derives from the Kandahari dialect. Kabul
It has adopted neologisms to coin new terms from already existing words or phrases and introduce them into the Pashto lexicon.
This, Educated Standard Pashto is learned in the curriculum that is taught in the primary schools in the country. It is used for writing and formal spoken purposes and in the domains of media and government.
Regional Standards of Pashto.
There are several regional standard forms of Pashto, which have high prestige, and serve as a means of communication between the various tribal communities in those regions.
Northern Regional Standard
Northern Pashto, also called Eastern Pashto, is the prestige variety of Pashto in eastern and
northeastern , and the northern part of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. This dialect is mostly same to Yusufzai or Peshawari Pashto. Afghanistan