The system of caste and tribes has always played a crucial role in deciding the political fate of Pakistan. Pakistan has as many as 18 major casts's and seven local cast's that decide the political fate of any candidate contesting the election. The tradition of voting for the candidate of one's own cast dates back to old times and has remained unchanged even in the recent general elections of February 18, 2008. A total of 268 candidates has successfully reached the National Assembly in 2008.
Punjab has 150 National Assembly seats out of which 149 have been decided. On a seat in NA-119 in Lahore, polling was postponed because of a candidate's death.
The Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) has bagged around 63 National Assembly seats, the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), 44; the PML-Quaid (PML-Q), 28; the PML-Functional (PML-F), one. In addition, independent candidates have bagged 13 seats.
The 149 members of the National Assembly, who were elected from across Punjab, belong to various castes and tribes. 38 MNAs belong to the Jat (J) tribe; 19 come from Rajput (R) clan; ; Six of Jat/Rajput (Jr); 16 of Arain (Ar); 13 of Syed (S), 11 of Bloch (B); Eight of Awan (Aw); Eight of Qureshi (Q); Six of Kashmiri (K); Six of Pathan (P); Five of Sheikh (Sh); Two of Gujjar (G); Two of Abbasi (Ab); Two of Ansari (An); Two of Dogar (D), One of Mughal; One of Kakkezai (KK); One of Mayo and One each of Khatter and Lahr (local caste) respectively.
PML-N: Out of its 63 MNAs, 14 to R, Nine to Ar, Seven belong to J, One to Jr, Six to K, Five to S, Four to Aw, Three to Q, Three to Sh, Two to Ab, Two to B, Two to D, Two to An, One to G, and One each to KK and Mughal, respectively.
The Jat MNAs of the PML-N are Sahibzada Fazle Kareem (Faisalabad), Mehmood Bashir Virik (Gujranwala), Justice (r) Iftikhar Cheema (Gujranwala), Saira Afzal Tarrar (Hafizabad), Barjees Tahir and Bilal Ahmad Virik (Nankana Sahib), Tehmina Daultana (Vehari).
The candidates belonging to Jr are Malik Afzal Khokhar (Lahore). The candidates of Ar are Naseer Ahmad Bhutta (Lahore), Junaid Anwar Choudhry (TT Singh), Ayaz Amir (Chakwal), Sumaira Naz (Narowal), Muhammad Riaz (Lahore), Mian Merghoob Ahmad and Sardar Ayaz Sadiq (Lahore), Mian Javed Latif (Sheikhupura), Saud Majeed (Bahawalpur). Those belonging to B are Saifudin Khosa (DG Khan), Arshad Khan Leghari (RY Khan). The K candidates are Abid Ali (Faisalabad), Engineer Khurram Dastgir (Gujranwala), Khwaja Saad Rafique, Omar Sohail Zia Butt and Bilal Yaseen (Lahore), Khwaja Muhammad Asif (Sialkot). The PML-N's An candidates Muhammad Akram (Faisalabad), Usman Ibrahim (Gujranwala). The candidates from KK caste are Zahid Hamid (Sialkot)' D Sardar Muhammad Irfan (Sheikhupura), Mansab Ali Dogar (Pakpattan); Aw Malik Shakir Bashir (Khushab), Muhammad Faiz Tumman (Chakwal), Anjum Aqeek (Islamabad), Muhammad Jameel Malik (Gujrat); R are Dr Chaudhry Tariq Fazal (Islamabad), Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan (Rawalpindi), Raja Muhammad Safder and Raja Afzal (Jhelum), Rana Nazir (Gujranwala), Rana Abdul Sattar (Sialkot), Ahsan Iqbal (Narowal), Rana Tanveer Hussain (Sheikhupura), Rao Mazhar Hayat and Rana Ishaq (Kasur), Ranan Mehmoodul Hassan (Multan), Rana Zahid Hussain (Pakpattan). PML-N Ab candidates are Shahid Khakan Abbasi and Hanif Abbasi (Rawalpindi); G Malik Ibrar (Rawalpindi), Q are Javeed Hashmi (Rawalpindi, Lahore and Multan); Sh are Sheikh Aftab Ahmad (Attock), Rohil Asgher (Lhr), Waseem Akhter (Kasur); S Syed Murtaza Amin (Sialkot), Syed Javeed (Sargodha) Imran Ahmad (Sahiwal), Mohammad Salman (Pakpattan), Saqlain Shah (Layyah); Mughal Muhammad Baleeghul Rehman (Bahawalpur)
PPPP: Out of its 44 MNAs, 14 belongs to Jat, Five of S, Five of B, Four of Ar, Four of Q, Two of R, Two Jr, Two of P, One of G, One Khattar, One of Lahr, One of Mayo, One of Sh, and One of Aw.
PPP's R MNAs are Raja Pervaiz Ashraf (Rawalpindi), Liaqat Ali Khan (Multan); Aw is Dr Ferdoos Ashiq (Sialkot); G is Omar Zaman Kaira (Gujrat); Q Tasneem Ahmad Qureshi (Sargodha), Makhdom Shah Mehmood Qureshi (Multan), Makhdom Shahbuddin (RY Khan), Mohsin Ali (Muzaffargarh); S Syed Anayat Ali (Jhang), Yousaf Gilani (Multan), Syed Mumtaz Alam and Hamid Saeed (Multan), Syed Sumsan Ali (Okara); J Nadeem Afzal Gondal (Sargodha), Tariq Bajwa, Malik Nawab Sher, Saeed Iqbal and Ijaz Virik (Faisalabad), Imtiaz Safder Warraich (Gujranwala), Tariq Tarra and Nazar Gondal (MB Din), Farid Kathia (Sahiwal), Azeem Daultana (Vehari), Hina Rabbani Khar (Muzaffargarh), Afzal Sindhu (Bahawalnager), Javed Iqbal Warraich (RY Khan), Chaudhry Ahmad Mukhatr (Gujrat); Ar Saima Khalid Ghurki (Lahore), Sardar Asif Ahmad (Kasur), Iftikhar Nazir (Khanewal), Zahid Iqbal (Sahiwal); B Rahila Perveen (Faisalabad), Mir Dost Mazari (Rajanpur), Jamsheed Dasti, Qayyum Jatoi and Moazzem Jatoi (Muzaffargarh); P Hayat Tochi Khan (Vehari), Hayatullah Tareen (Lodhran); Jr Cap (r) Mujtaba Kharral (Okara), Liaqat Abbas Bhatti (Hafizabad). Taiq Shabir Advocate (Lahore), Mian Abdul Sattar (RY Khan), Sardar Saleem Haider (Attock) and Sheikh Waqas Akram (Jhang) are belonging to Mayo, Lahr Khattar and Sh respectively.
PML-Q: Out of 28 MNAs 13 belong to J; three of B; three of S; two of Jr; one of Pathan (P); one of Ar; one of Sh; one of Q; one of R and one of Aw.
Aw Mehboob Sultan (Jhang), Sumaira Malik (Khushab), R Asif Tauseef (Faisalabad); Q Pir Aslam Bodla (Khanewal); Sh Sheikh Waqas Akram (Jhang); S Faisal Saleh Hayat (Jhang), Dewan Syed Ashiq (Multan), Mian Riaz Pirzada (Bahawalpur); J Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi (Attock), Ch Ghais Ahmad and Anwar Ali Cheema (Sargodha), Ghulam BiBi Bherwana (Jahang), Farkhanda Amjad Warraich and Riaz Fatiana (TT Singh), Wajahat Hussain (Gujrat), Sardar Talib Nakai (Kasur), Raza Hiraj and Hamid Hiraj (Khanewal), Nauman Langrial (Sahiwal), Nazir Ahmad Jatt (Vehari), Bahader Khan Sehar (Layyah); Ar Muhammad Asim Nazir (Faisalabad); B Sadiq Baloch (Lodhran), Farooq Leghari (DG Khan), Jaffar Leghari (Rajan Pur); P Khwaja Sheraz (DG Khan); Jr Akhtar Khadim Alias Khadim (Bahawalnager), Liaqat Abbas Bhatti (Hafizabad).
Independent: Total 13 independent MNAs have been elected on the part of Punjab and they belong to following clans, four of J; two of Jr; two of P; one of B; one of Ar; one of R; one of Aw and one of G.
Jr Mian Manzoor Watto (Okara); P Humair Hayat Rokhri and Abdul Majeed Khan (Mianwali); B Rashid Akber Niwani (Bhakkar); Ar Sajjad-ul Hassan (Okara); J Saima Akhter Bharwana (Jhang), Mudasser Qayyum Nahra (Gujranwala), Saeed Ahmad (Nankana Sahib) and Malik Amir Waran (Bahawalpur); R Rana Farooq Saeed (Faisalabad); Aw Nawabzada Malik Ahmad Khan (Mianwali); G Tariq Anees (Narowal).
PML-F: It got a single seat from Punjab, the MNA, Jahangir Khan Tareen (RY Khan), belongs to Pathan clan.
There are total 61 National Assembly seats in the province and on one seat NA 207, elections were postponed due to Benazir Bhutto's assassination. The PPP has managed to secure 30 seats, 19 seats by the MQM, PML-Q has won five seats, three seats by the PML-F, two seats by the NPP, and one seat by an independent candidate.
60 MNAs belong to different cast, 16 of S, 16 of B, 9 of Sammat, Six of Sh, Two P, Two of R, Two of Mughal, two of Memon, One of K, One of J, One of Ar.
PPPP: Out of its 30 MNAs Thirteen belong to B, Eight of S, One of Sh, Five of Sammat, One of each Mughal, J and Ar respectively.
S Syed Khursheed Shah (Sukkur), Zafar Ali Shah (Naushero Feroze), Syed Mustafa (Nawabshah), Syed Fazal Ali Shah (Khairpur), Amin Faheem and Syed Ameer Shah (Matiari Hyderabad), Naveed Qamar (Tando Muhammad),Pir Aftab Shah (Mirpur Khas). Sh Numan Islam Shaikh (Sukkur); B Azra Afzal Pecheho (Nawabshah), Mir Munawar Ali Talpur (Mirpurkhas), Nawab Yousaf (Umerkot), Nawab Abdul Ghani (Jamshoro), Nazir Ahmad (Larkana), Mir Amir Ali (Kamber Shahdadkot), EjazJakhrani and Mir Hazar Khan Bijarani (Jacobabad), Shamshad Sattar (Tando Allahyar), Rafique Ahmad Jamali (Dadu), Nabeel Ahmad Gabol (Karachi), Ghulam Ali Nizamani (Badin), Sher Muhammad Baloch (Karachi); Mughal Dr Fahmida Mirza (Badin); J Dr Abdul Wahid (Thatta); Ar Shahid Hussain Bhutto (Larkana); Sammat Mian Mitho (Ghotki), Talat Iqbal (Dadu), Sarfraz Rajpar and Roshan Din (Sanghar), Abdul Qadir (Karachi).
MQM: Out of its 19 MNAs, Six belong to S, Five of Sh, Two P, Two of R, two of Memon, One of Mughal, and one of K.
Sh Salahuddin (Hyderabad), Shaikh Salahuddin, Sufyan Yousaf, Dr Nadeem Ehsan and Dr Muhammad Ayoub Shaikh (Karachi); S Syed Tayyab Hussain (Hyderabad), SA Iqbal Qadri, Abdul Waseem, Syed Haider Abbas Rizvi, Syed Asif Hussain and Sajid Ahmad (Karachi); P Farhat Muhammad Khan and Iqbal Muhammad Ali (Karachi); Mughal Khush Bakhat Shujat (Karachi); R Dr Abdul Qadir Khanzada and Waseem Akhter (Karachi); Memon Abdul Rashid Godil and Dr Farooq Sattar (Karachi); K Khawaja Sohail Mansoor (Karachi).
PML-Q: Out of its five MNAs Three belong to Sammat, one of S, and one of Baloch.
S Syed Ayaz Ali (Thatta); Sammat Ghous Bakhsh Khan (Shikarpur); Arbab Zakaullah and Dr. Ghulam Haider (Tharparker); B Nasrullah Bijrani (Kashmore).
PML-F: Out of its three seats one is Syed and two are Sammat.
S Pir Syed Sadruddin Shah (Khairpur); Sammat Nawab Ali Waseem (Khairpur) and Jkadam Mangrio (Sanghar).
National People's Party (NPP): It has two seats and both are Baloch. B Muhammad Ibrahim Jatoi (Shikarpur) and Murtaza Jatoi (Naushero).
Independent: One is Sammat, Ali Muhammad Khan Mehar (Ghotki).
There are 47 seats of National Assembly and on two seats elections were postponed. The ANP secured 10 seats, the PPP has won 10 seats, the PML-Q 5 seats, the PML-N has acquired 4 seats, the MMA obtained 4 seats, the PPP Sherpao won One seat while 11 independent candidates have won National Assembly.
PPP: Nine are Pathan and one is Syed, out of its 10 MNAs P Dr Arbab Alamgir Khan (Arbab), Eng Muhammad Tariq (Khattak), Abdul Akber Khan (Yousafzai), Haji Nisar Khan (Kohistani Yousafzai), Faisal Karim (Kundi), Najmuddin Khan, Malak Azmat Khan (Yousaf Zai), Lal Muhammad Khan (Yousafzai), Noor Alam Khan; S Syed Allauddin.
ANP: Seven Pathans, Two Syed and One Kalal (K) comprise its 10 MNAs
P Arbab Muhammad Zahir Khan (Arbab), Masood Abbas (Khattak), Asfandyar Wali Khan (Mohammad Zai), Nawbzad Khwaja Muhammad Khan (Yousafzai), Pervaiz Kahn Advocate (Yousafzai), Abdul Matin Khan (Yousafzai), Muzafer-ul-Mulk (Yousafzai);
S Pir Dilawar Shah and Syed Haider Ali Shah; Kalal, is a local cast Haji Ghulam Haider Bilour.
PML-Q: Out of its Five MNAs Two are Pathan, One Kashmiri, One Alai and Chitrali Mehtar.
P Hamayun Saifullah Khan (Merwat) and Eng Amir Muqam (Yousafzai); K Sardar Shehjahan Yousaf; Chitral Mehtar (Local cast) Shahzada Mahyuddin; Alai (local cast)
Muhammad Nawaz Khan
PML-N: Out of its Four MNAs. The P, G, Ab and K tribe has One MNA each respectively.
P Faiz Muhammad Kahn (Khankhel Yousafzai); G Sardar Mehtab Ahmad Khan;
Ab Murtaza Javeed Abbasi; K Sardar Muhammad Mushtaq Khan
MMA: All Four MNAs belong to Pathan tribe
P Moulana Muhammad Qasim (Mohmand), Mufti Ajmal Khan (Khattak), Attaul Rehman and Maulana Fazlur Rehman (Nasir)
PPP Sherpao: It has one MNA who belong to Gujjar (G) clan, Aftab Ahmad Khan Sherpao
independent: 10 P and one S comprise its MNAs.
P Syed Engineer Usman Khan Tarkai (Yousaf Zai), Bilal Rehman (Mamund), Munir Khan (Orakzai), Jawad Hussain (Orakzai), Mohammad Kamran Khan (Wazeer), Maulana Abdul Malik (Wazeer), Shaukatullah Khan (Mamund), Noorul Haq Qadri (Afridi), Hamidullah Jan (Afridi), Zafar Baig (Bhatani); S Syed Akhonzada Chittan.
NWFP MNAs': Peshawar has three P and one Kalal, Nowshera has two P, Charsadda has each one G and P, respectively, Mardan has three P, Swabi has two P, Kohat has one S and one P, Hangu has one S, Abbottabad has one G and one Ab, Karak has one P, Haripur has one K, Mansehra has one K and one P, Battgram has one Alai, Kohistan has one P, DI Khan has two P, Bannu has one P, Lakki Marwat has one P, Buner has one P, Swat has one P and one S, Shangla has one P, Chitral has Mehtar, Upper Dir, and Lower Dir has two P, Malak and has one P and all the Tribal Area has 9 P and one S.
Out of Balochistan's 14 National Assembly seats, Four were won by the PPP, the PML-Q has secured Four seats, the MMA could bag Two, the BNP has bagged One seat and Three seats have been won by independent candidates.
PPP: Out of its four MNAs two belong to B, one to P and one to S. B are Umer Goragaje (Quetta) and Taj Muhammad Jamali (Nasirabad); P Dr. Anayatullah Durrani (Kalat); S Syed Nisar Ali Shah (Q).
PML-Q: Out of its four seats, three of B and one of P; B Mir Ahmdan Khan (Kohlu), Ahsanullah Reki (Kharan) and Jam Mir Muhammad Yousaf (Lasbela); P Sardar Israr Tareen (Loralai).
MMA: It has two P MNAs Molvi Agha Muhammad (Pashin) and Haji Rozudin (Kila Abdullah).
Independent: Out of three independent MNAs two belong to Baloch and one to Pathan. B Mir Humayun Aziz (Bolan) and Muhammad Usman Mengal (Khuzdar). P Molvi Asmatullah (Zhob)
BNP: It has one Baloch MNA Yaqoob Bizenjo (Gwadar)