Sunday, 16 October 2016

Brief Detail of Punjabi Language, Alphabet, Script.

Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 160 million people mainly in West Punjab in Pakistan and in East Punjab in India.

There are also significant numbers of Punjabi speakers in the UK, USA, UAE, Canada, Saudi Arabia, and Australia.

The Punjabi nation is the 9th biggest nation in the world.

The Punjabi nation is the 3rd biggest nation of South Asia.

Punjabi Muslims are the 3rd largest ethnic Muslim community in the World.

Punjabis are the 60% population of Pakistan.

The Punjabi language is spoken by the 80% population of Pakistan.

Punjabi language is groomed by the Sufi saints Baba Farid, Baba Nanak, Shah Hussain, Sultan Bahu, Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah, Khwaja Ghulam Farid, Mian Muhammad Bakhsh.

Punjabi language descended from the Shauraseni language of medieval northern India and became a distinct language during the 11th century.

The written standard for Punjabi in both India and Pakistan is known as Majhi, which is named after the Majha region of Punjab.

Jhangochi or Rachnavi is the oldest and most idiosyncratic dialect of Punjabi. The area of the Jhangochi dialect of Punjabi is the “Bar areas of Punjab”, i.e, areas whose names are often suffixed with 'Bar', for example, Sandal Bar, Kirana Bar, Neeli Bar, Ganji Bar and has several aspects that set it apart from other Punjabi variants. This area has a great culture and heritage, especially literary heritage, as it is credited with the creation of the famous epic romance stories of Heer Ranjha and Mirza Sahiba.

In India, Punjabi is written in the Gurmukhi script, while in Pakistan it is written with a version of the Persian alphabet known as Shahmukhi script.

The Gurmukhi script developed from the Landa alphabet and was standardized during the 16th century by Guru Angad Dev Ji, the second Sikh guru.

Gurmukhi script is the Sikh language of prayer in which the Guru Granth Sahib is written.

The second Sikh guru, Guru Angad transcribed the compositions of his predecessor, Guru Nanak, into Gurmukhi script. He developed a phonetic script, derived from a 16th-century script, which could be easily learned by the common person.

The words of the ancient Gurmukhi are similar to those of modern Punjabi but differ grammatically in that it is a poetic rather spoken language.

The Punjabi alphabet also has additional modern-day characters which are not included in Gurmukhi script and which do not appear in the scriptural verses of the Guru Granth Sahib.