Wednesday, 28 October 2015

Dialects of Punjabi Language and Actual Spoken Areas.

1. The dialect of Jhang, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Khanewal, Vehari, Bahawalnagar, Chishtian is Jhangochi Punjabi.

2. The dialect of Multan is Multani Punjabi.

3. The dialect of Lodhran, Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan is Riyasti Punjabi.

4. The dialect of Bhakkar, Layyah, Muzaffargarh is Thalochi Punjabi.

5. The dialect of Dera Ghazi Khan, Rajanpur is Derewali Punjabi.

6. The dialect of Khushab, Mianwali, Sargodha and parts of Dera Ismail Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan is Shahpuri Punjabi.

7. The dialect of Chakwal and Attock is Dhani Punjabi.

8. The dialect of Peshawar, Attock, Nowshehra, Mansehra, Balakot, Abbottabad, Murree, Muzaffarabad is Hindko Punjabi.

9. The dialect of Jhelum, Gujar Khan, Rawalpindi, Murree Hills, Muzaffarabad is Pothowari Punjabi.

10. The dialect of Lahore, Sheikhupura, Gujranwala, Mandi Bahauddin,Wazirabad, Sialkot, Narowal, Gujrat, Kasur, Okara, Pakpattan, AmritsarTarn Taran Sahib, Gurdaspur is Majhi Punjabi.

11. The dialect of Ludhiana, Moga, Sangrur, Barnala, Faridkot, Patiala, Fatehgarh Sahib, Mansa, Muktsar, Ambala, Bathinda, Ganganagar, Malerkotla, Ropar, Ferozepur, Ambala, Hissar, Sirsa, Kurukshetra is Malwi Punjabi.

12. The dialect of Jalandhar, Nawanshahr, Kapurthala, Hoshiarpur is Doabi Punjabi.

13. The dialect of Kharar, Kurali, Ropar, Nurpurbedi, Morinda, Pail, Rajpura, Samrala is Pwadhi Punjabi.

14. The dialect of Jammu is Dogri Punjabi.

Majhi standard Punjabi is the written standard for Punjabi in both parts of Punjab.

Jhangochi or Rachnavi is the oldest and most idiosyncratic dialect of the Punjabi. The area of the Jhangochi dialect of Punjabi is the “Bar areas of Punjab”, i.e, areas whose names are often suffixed with 'Bar', for example, Sandal Bar, Kirana Bar, Neeli Bar, Ganji Bar and has several aspects that set it apart from other Punjabi variants. This area has a great culture and heritage, especially literary heritage, as it is credited with the creation of the famous epic romance stories of Heer Ranjha and Mirza Sahiba.

Note: - In Indo-Aryan dialectology generally, the presence of transitional dialects creates problems in assigning some dialects to one or another "language".

Northern dialects Hindko of Hazara/Kohati/Peshawari and are now classified as a separate language Hindko.

Jummu's Dogri is also classified as a separate language.

Similarly, Southern dialects of Western Punjabi (Multani, Derawali, and Riasti) are now also classified as a separate language Saraiki.

However, this separation is controversial and Saraiki, Hindko, and Dogri are considered as a dialect of mainstream Punjabi because These are Mutually intangible, Morphologically and Syntactically similar with Standard Punjabi and is in fact dialect of Punjabi agreed by the majority of local linguists such as Dulai, K Narinder, Gill, Harjeet Singh Gill, A Henry. Gleason (Jr), Koul, N Omkar, Siya Madhu Bala, Afzal Ahmed Cheema, Aamir Malik, Amar Nath as well as modern linguistics publications such as the US National advisory Committee based The UCLA Language Materials Project (LMP) along with modern Foreign linguistics such as Lambert M Surhone, Mariam T Tennoe, Susan F Henssonow, Cardona and Nataliia Ivanovna Tolstaia classifying Hindko, Saraiki, Dogri as a dialect of Punjabi.