Maharaja Ranjit Singh made
his capital and was able to
expand the kingdom to the Lahore Khyber Pass and also included , while keeping the British from
expanding across the River Jammu and Kashmir Sutlej for more than 40 years.
After his death in 1839 the internecine fighting between the Sikhs and several rapid forfeitures of territory by his sons, along with the intrigues of the Dogras and two Anglo-Sikh wars, eventually led to British control of the Lahore Darbar ten years later.
For the British,
Punjab was a frontier province, because Punjab had boundaries with and Afghanistan . Therefore, the Punjabis, unlike
the Bengalis and the Sindhis, were not allowed to use their mother tongue as an
official language due to a fear of Punjabi nationalism therefore, the British
first introduced Persia Urdu as an official language in Punjab, including
In Punjab, non-educated, agriculture related and rural residents speaks Punjabi, owns Punjabi culture and follow Punjabi
traditions but due to educational
and official status of Urdu in Punjab, majority of elite class, government
servants and urban residents, do not have respect, regard and honor for their
mother language, culture and traditions.
Urdu Speaking UP-ites, those concurred foremost cities of
Punjab during British rule and after
creation of , are also a major problem for
Punjabi Language, culture and traditions. By camouflaging in Punjabi skin,
these UP-ite Urdu speaking Muhajirs Pakistan are main conspirators in Punjab
to confuse Punjabi elite class, government servants and urban residents by
degrading Punjabi language and support to Urdu with propaganda of
Binding Language for Pakistani People, rather Language of Muslims. Therefore,
the basic assembling and vital binding force for Punjab and Punjabi nation,
i.e. Punjabi language is not an official and educational language of Punjab.
However, without patronage and ignorant attitude of
Government of , still Punjabi, the language of
60% Pakistanis, is the 9th Most Spoken Language of World. Pakistan
01. Chinese (Mandarin) – 935 Million Native Speakers
02. Spanish – 387 Million Native Speakers
03. English – 365 Million Native Speakers
04. Hindi – 295 Million Native Speakers
05. Arabic – 280 Million Native Speakers
06. Portuguese – 204 Million Native Speakers
07. Bengali – 202 Million Native Speakers
08. Russian – 160 Million Native Speakers
09. Punjabi – 130 Million Native Speakers.
10. Japanese – 127 Million Native Speakers