Punjabi Nationalism refers to a nationalist stance applied to Pakistani
Punjab ( West Punjab) as well as Indian (East Punjab)
and the diverse ethnic Punjabi people who inhabit the ethno-linguistic region
Baba Sheikh Farid is considered as the Father of Punjabi nationalism. Baba Bulleh Shah (wrote Kafis), Waris Shah (wrote Heer Ranjha) and Bhai Vir Singh (Modern Punjabi Literature) have an immense contribution to Punjabi Boli.
Punjabi nationalist’s movements.
In 1947 after Partition of Punjab into Pakistani Punjab and Indian Punjab there were some several movements for the protection of Punjabiyat in both Punjabs.
Punjabi Nationalism in
The Punjabi Suba Movement was aimed at the creation of a Punjabi-majority Subah ("Province") in the
Punjab region of in the 1950s. This movement
resulted in Punjabi-majority state in India in 1967. India
There are still cold movements to end discrimination to Punjabi language, implement it in Punjabi majority areas like Chandigarh, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and many institutes like schools-colleges in Punjab state itself where Punjabi language is ignored.
Punjabi language dialects like Bauria, Bazigari, Bhand, Dhaha, Gojri, Lahanda, Lubana, Odi, Rai Sikhi and Sansi are also becoming extinct in Punjab, India.
There has been a Hindi imposition since 1950s and 1960s in the state against Punjabi language. Despite a rich heritage of Punjabi literature, Punjabi Television serial industry in Indian
Punjab has totally disappeared.
Punjabi Nationalism in
In the Pakistani
Punjab province, the Punjabi Language Movement is a linguistic
movement in aimed at reviving the Punjabi language, art, culture and literature
in . Pakistan
There are several attempts going on
by the Punjabi society for implementation of Punjabi
language as it is completely ignored by the authorities in Punjab province. Urdu is the preferred
medium of education in local schools-colleges as well as Government paperwork
which is very threatening for survival of Punjabi language in . But Urdu is the mother tongue of
only about 7.57% Pakistanis. Punjab, Pakistan
Punjabi lovers also say that creation of
out of Bangladesh proves that love of Mother-tongue
is more important than religion. Pakistan
Pakistani Punjabi language film industry is in crisis as filmmakers were not producing Punjabi language films like before 1975 Punjabi films ruled in the film industry of
. Television Channels from Pakistan ( Lahore Punjab's capital city) are all in Urdu
instead of Punjabi.
There is still 150-year-old unofficial ban on education in Punjabi language in
and Government is ignorant about
it thus compelling Punjabi people to protest. Punjab, Pakistan
In August 2015,
of Letters, International
Writer’s Council (IWC) and World Punjabi Congress (WPC) organized Khawaja Farid
conference and demanded Pakistan Academy should be established in Punjabi University and Punjabi language should be
declared as the medium of instruction at the primary level. Lahore
, every year, thousands of Punjabis
gather on International Mother Language Day seeking an end to the 150-year-old
ban on education in Punjabi in Lahore and against Urdu-isation of Pakistan Punjab.
In September 2015 at the Government Emerson College, Multan thousands of aspirants seeking admission protested against the administration for forcing them not to adopt Punjabi as compulsory or optional subjects as usually majority of students prefer Punjabi for balancing their mark sheet in BA (third year).