Thursday, 22 June 2017

Why was Persian an Official Language in Sikh Empire of Punjab?

Lingua francas have developed around the world throughout human history, sometimes for commercial reasons but also for religious, diplomatic and administrative convenience, and as a means of exchanging information between scientists and other scholars of different nationalities.

A vernacular language is used as a native language in a community but, a lingua franca is used beyond the boundaries of its original community and is used as a second language for communication between groups. For example, English is a vernacular in the United Kingdom but is used as a lingua franca in Russian and French serve a similar purpose as industrial/educational lingua francas in many areas.

International auxiliary languages such as Esperanto have not had a great degree of adoption globally so they cannot be described as global lingua francas.

During the era of Sikh Empire of Punjab, the Punjabi had not a great degree of adoption out of Punjab, therefore, the native language Punjabi was the vernacular language and regional lingua franca Persian was the official language of Sikh Empire of Punjab.