The Arain’s are largely Muslim tribe, who are found mainly in thePunjab province and also that of Sindh. They are chiefly associated with farming, and the legal profession, with some being zamindars (landlords).
Punjabi and Sindhi Arain’s are the largest tribe race in
. The Arain’s are largely Muslim,
numbering 9,585,000. The Arain Hindu population numbers 247,000 and the Arain
Sikh population 18,000. The proportion of Muslim Arain is much greater than those
of the other casts of the Pakistan Punjab engaged in agriculture.
Arain’s are well built and of tall height with light brown or green eyes, large hooked, conquering nose and a very fair color.
The Arain sub-casts are Alrai, Baga, Bahalwan, Basroo, Bhaila, Bhalay, Bhoongay, Bhutta, Bhutto, Chandu, Chhachhar, Daulay,
Dhadhay, Dhako, Dhengay, Dholanwal, Gahgeer, Gatku, Gaellin,
Gejial, Ghalar, Ghurki, Goheer, Hansi, Hijazi, Jandialia, Jatala, Kardar, Katarbund, Kavali, Kukru, Labanay, Malgoria, Malik, Mehar, Mian, Mudh, Mulanay, Munda, Mundh, Nihal, Pawadhray,
Qutub Shahi, Rahi, Ramay, Ramday, Rattay, Saggi, Saleemi, Sapal,
Sardar, Shah, Shami, Sheikh, Teer Andaz, Vehra, Wahnd, and many more. Arain’s usually do not use sub-casts but prefer to write the appellations Mian, Chaudhry, Mehar and Sardar. The Arain’s from Peeli Bheet and
prefer Sheikh. Delhi
Arain have different opinions about their ancestry. Most of them claim that they are an Arabian race.
Some Arain’s claim to be of Iranian descent.
Some Arain’s claim to be Vedic Aryans from central
Some Arain’s specially, Arain’s of Jalandhar and Sahiwal region claim to be of Scythian background and are called Arain Jatts and Suraj Bhansi Rajputs.
The Arain’s are historically largely Muslim tribe. Their origins are uncertain, with some members of the community claiming a connection with the Rajputs. Others, with whom the historian and political scientist Christophe Jaffrelot agrees, believe that they are probably displaced farming communities who moved toPunjab from Sindh and
as Muslim armies encroached.
Jaffrelot also believes the community to be related to the Kamboj. Multan
Ishtiaq Ahmed, who is a political scientist like Jaffrelot and also a member of the Arain community, acknowledges that some early Arain texts ascribe a Persian origin and others a Suryavansha Rajput descent. He says that the modern-day Arain claims to be of Arab descent are based on the community's uniform belief in Islam and almost-entire adherence to the Sunni sect of that religion, which is a trait they share with the early Arab invaders under Muhammad bin Qasim.
Ishtiaq Ahmed says that "The Arab-origin claim can be simply a re-orientation towards a (perceived) greater status as conquerors and 'original' Muslims" and that he personally thinks that "like the other farming casts of the
Punjab and Haryana the Arain’s are a mix of many ethnies
[sic] and races."
A study of blood types, published in 2005 and intended "to find out the frequency of ABO and RhD phenotypes in different ethnic groups and casts of Pakistan", concluded that "There is no statistically significant difference of ABO and Rh-D distribution among various ethnic groups and casts, O is the most common blood group except in Arain’s where B is the most common and O is less common. Further ethnic based studies are required to confirm."
British Raj period.
The British considered the Arain 'agricultural' cast. When the British wanted land developed in the
Punjab after its annexation, Arain
were brought in to cultivate lands around the cities, and were preferred to
assist with the opening up of the new agrArain frontier in canal colonies of
the Punjab between 1906 – 1940. The
Arain received 86% of the land that was allotted to Muslim agricultural casts
in canal colonies.
The British considered the Arain the best cultivators amongst all the casts, and were favored for their "hard work, frugality and sense of discipline".
Subsequent development of towns and cities and increasing urbanization resulted in the value of the land settled by Arain to rise significantly, and Arain families thus flourished. Education was prioritized with the new-found wealth and the Arain came to dominate the legal profession amongst urban Punjabi Muslims. Many used law to enter politics.
The Arain also contributed to military service predating and during British rule in
Although gardening and market-gardening were considered historically to be ritually impure occupations and thus those engaged in such activities were considered to be of low standing, the Arain’s have proven to be industrious and disciplined practitioners. In the present day, they are the largest agricultural community in
The Arain were found in territory stretching from the
The bulk of the Arain population is now settled in the districts ofFaisalabad, Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh, with a large number of refugees settled by the Thal Development Authority in the districts of Khushab, Mianwali, Bhakkar and Layyah.
Related communities in
There are a number of communities in
Another community that is connected with the Arain are the Rayeen, who are a Muslim tribe found in Bareilly, Pilibhit, Udham Singh Nagar, Nainital, Rampur, Bijnor and Saharanpur districts of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Arain’s are professionally farmers and the real agriculturists. InPakistan apart from the big land lords who were awarded lands in British period for their mutiny and cowardice or services against local people, Arain’s have the largest land owning in Sindh andPunjab areas of
Arain’s control all the grains, vegetables, fruits markets inPakistan. They grow and do all types of agriculture from dairy farming, vegetable farming, fruit farming, wheat, cotton, pulses, rice, sugarcane farming. Only two casts are the real agriculturist in
. One is Arain and the other Jatt. Pakistan
Punjab, Arain’s are present in all divisions, districts, and
tehsils. In every , Arain’s are present doing
agriculture. village of Punjab
Arain’s are a martial race also very brave and disciplined. They were recruited in great numbers in British army as officers and Jawans. Till today half of
army Jawans and officers are
Arain’s. Remember General Zia-ul-Haq, a Punjabi Arain from Jalandhar, the
martial law administrator and president of Pakistanfor 11 years. He ruled Pakistan with iron hand. Pakistan
Prominent Arain politicians in
Chaudhary Muhammad Ali, former Prime Minister
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, former Prime Minister
Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister
Mian Azhar, former Governor Punjab.
Hanif Ramay, former Chief Minister Punjab.
Sardar Asif Ahmed Ali, former Foreign Minister
. Ghaus Bax Mehar, former Railways
Federal Minister. Pakistan
Sardar Ali Muhammad Mehar, former Chief Minister Sindh.
In Sindh Arain’s are called Bhutto, Mehar. In
Punjab they are called Mian,
Chaudhary, Sardar, Mehar, Malik.
Punjab they are present in great numbers in , Faisalabad/Lyallpur,
Tobateksingh, Sheikpura, Lahore , Gujrat, Gujranwala , Jaranwala, Sialkot , Sargodha , Bahawalnagar, Rahimyar Khan,
Sahiwal, Jhangh, Bahawalpur ,etc. Multan
Arain’s averagely own about 1-2 murabas of land but there are also very big land lord like Mian Sadiq Arain with 700 murabas of land even bigger than Nawab of Bahawalpur in
area. Mehars and Bhuttos own
big thousands of acres land in Sindh. In Punjab Arain big land lords own
hundreds of acres of land. They are initially peaceful agriculturists but when
one makes them fight then they become angry lions. Bahawalpur
Arain’s are present in great numbers in civil service,
Punjab, and Sindh police.
In business and industry in Fasailabab and Tobatek Singh areas Arain’s own textil, knitwear, sugarcane, rice industries. In
, Sheikupura Arain’s own knitwear,
chemicals, pharmaceutical, steel industries. They are big exporters of rice.
Guard rice industries Iftikhar Ali Malik exports 50 percent of Lahore rice basmati abroad. Mian
Latif is the owner of biggest textile industryChenab textiles chenone in
Tobatek Singh. He is the biggest gray cotton cloth exporter of Pakistan . Arain’s are the biggest
vegetable and fruit exporters of Pakistan . Haleeb Milk, Chaudhary Dairies
are the largest dairy producers of Pakistan . Chaudhary Nazir Kohistania was
the biggest Arain transporter of Faisalabaddivision. Pakistan
Arain’s have a very good standard of education as compared to other casts, more Arain’s are settled abroad in England, Usa, Canada, Australia, Middle East etc.
Before partition Arain’s were present in great numbers in east Punjab districts of Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jallandhar, Patiala, Haryana, Ambala, Batala, Gurdaspur, Ferozepur. Thry were land lord and business men and transporters at that time, educated and prosperous. All east Punjab Arain’s are mainly settled in Sheikpura, Faisalbad,
Punjabi Arain’s are also great sportsmen. The famous star Pakistani cricketers like Wasim Akram, Sarfraz Nawaz, Amir Suhail, Fazal Mehmood, Muhammad Zahid, Aqib Javaid, Shabbir Ahmed, Abdur Razzaq, Abdul Hafiz Kardar first
cricket captain are Arain’s. Pakistan
Arain’s are pure Punjabis with central Asian, Iranian, Arabic and Indo-European backgrounds and all Arain’s speak the Majha, Doaba Punjabi accent of Punjabi dialect.
Notable Arain Personalities.
◾Adina Beg, Governor of Punjab in 1758.
◾Mian Fakir Aziz - Foreign Minister of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh.
◾Maher Muhkum Din - Governor of Lahore During Sikh Raj.
◾Maulana Jafar Thansari - One of the few Real Freedom Fighters to have Challenged the British Colonial Rule in
◾Shah Abdul Qadir Ludhianvi - A Freedom Fighter in 1857, His Army drove the British out of
and Panipat, but he was
defeated and killed in Ludhiana . Delhi
◾Mian Family Baghbanpura a famous old Arain family of
◾Mian Fazli Husain, politician and a founder of the Unionist Party.
◾Mian Sir Muhammad Shahnawaz - An influential politician of the punjab in1020s.
◾Begum Jahan Ara Shahnawaz - Daughter of Sir Mian Muhammad shafi and Wife of Sir Mian Muhammad Shah Nawaz. In 1935 She Formed
Punjab Provincial Muslim Women's League. She was Elected a
Member of Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1937. She was also elected as a Member
of Constituent Assembly of India.
◾Mian Abdul Bari - A Freedom Fighter, Member of Punjab Assembly and National Assembly from
◾Mian Iftikharuddin - Congress Party member and later member of the Muslim League under Mohammed Ali Jinnah, landlord and founder of the Imroze and Pakistan Times Newspapers.
◾Chaudhry Muhammad Ali - Fourth Prime Minister of Pakistan.
◾Zulfikar Ali Bhutto - Fourth President of Pakistan (1971 to 1973) and ninth Prime Minister of Pakistan (1973 to 1977).
◾Benazir Bhutto - First Female Prime Minister of a Muslim Countries, Two time Prime Minister of Pakistan.
◾Sardar Mumtaz Ali Bhutto - 8th Governor and Chief Minister of Sindh.
◾Mohammad Hanif Ramay - Former Governor and Chief Minister of
Punjab . Pakistan
◾Mian Muhammad Azhar - Former Governor of
Punjab, Mayor of Lahore and Member of National Assembly.
◾Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar, First Muslim Member of British Parliament and Governor of Punjab.
◾Muhammad Abdullah - Ex Governor of Gilgit.
◾Sardar Aseef Ahmad Ali - Former Foreign Minister of
, His father Sardar Ahmad Ali and
Uncle Sardar Muhammad Hussain were also Members of Parliment from Qasur Punjab. Pakistan
◾Mian Zahid Sarfraz - Former Interior Minister of
◾Mian Raza Rabbani - Former Leader of the House in Senate and Minister of Law and Justice.
◾Aziz Ahmad - Former Foreign Minister of
◾Samina Khalid Ghurki - Federal Minister of Social Welfare and Special Education, Her Husband Khalid Javed Ghurki was also Member of Parliament and Nazim of Wahga.
◾Jahangir Badar - Senator, Ex Federal Minister and Secretary General of PPP.
◾Shafiq Arain - Former Minister and Member of Parliament inUganda and UN Ambassador for
◾Khalid Anwer - Ex Federal Minister of law and Justice of Pakistan.
◾Mian Shamim Haider - Former Federal Minister of Railways and Sports.
◾Aijaz-ul-Huq - Ex Federal Minister and Member of National Assembly.
◾Mian Amir Mehmood - Ex Mayor of Lahore
and Owner of Dunya News. Pakistan
◾Mian Shuja-ur-Rahman - Former Lord Mayor of
◾General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq - The sixth President of Pakistan (Chief of Staff Pakistan Army)
◾Lt General Salim Ahmad Mian - Sitara-e-Qaide-Azam.
◾Lt General Mian Muhammad Afzal - Chief of General Staff Pak Army.
◾Lt General Faiz Ali Chishti - X-Corps Commander of Pakistan Army 1974 to 1980.
◾Lt General Naseer Akhtar - X-Corps Commander of
◾Lt General Ghulam Mustafa - Ex-Corps Commander and Incharge Strategic Command of Pakistan.
◾Mian Qadir Buksh Nadir - Artillery Commander, author of, "Muftah-ul-Qila" (Persian text book on science of gunnery in 18th century).
◾Admiral Muhammad Afzal Tahir -
's Chief of Naval Staff. Pakistan
◾Vice Admiral Ahmed Tasnim - The only Navy officer of Pakistanwho has been Awarded Sitara-e-Jurat Twice.
◾Admiral Haji Muhammad Saddiq Chaudhry - The First Pakistani Navy Commander In Chief.
◾Vice Admiral Farooq Rashid - Chief of Staff Pakistan Navy (2004-05)
(2006-09). Rector Bahria University
◾Air Marshal Zafar Ahmed Chaudhry - First Chief of Pakistan Air Force.
◾Sir Mian Muhammad Shafi - Member of Viceroy's Executive Council.
◾Justice Sir Mian Abdur Rasheed - First Chief Justice of Pakistan.
◾Justice Mian Saqib Nisar - Supreme Court of Pakistan.
◾Justice Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday - Judge of Supreme Court of Pakistan. He is the Son of Justice Muhammad Saddique, Brother of Chaudhry Muhammad Farooq - Ex Attorney General of Pakistan and Chaudhry Asad-ur-Rehman Ex Federal Minister.He is also Uncle of Brigadier Anwar-ul-Haq Ramday Shaheed.
◾Malik Mohammad Qayyum - Former Attorney General ofPakistan.
◾Chaudhry Muhammad Farooq - Former Attorney General ofPakistan
◾Mian Asrar-ul-Haq - President Supreme Court Bar of Pakistan.
◾Chaudhry Shehram Sarwar - President of High Court Bar Association.
◾Mian Abdul Qadus - Ex President of High Court Bar Association.
◾Qudrat Ullah Shahab - Former Pakistani Ambassador to theNetherlands and His Father was the Governoer of Gilgit during Dogra Rule.
◾Shahid Hafiz Kardar - Governor of State Bank of
◾Dr Muhammad Yaqub - Former Governor State Bank of Pakistan1993-1999.
◾Anwar Ali - Chairman Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission.
◾Prof Dr Zafar Altaf - Chairman PARC.
◾Mian Muhammad Sharif - Surveyor General of
◾Ch. Zulfiqar Ahmed - Ex. Chaiman CBR.,
◾Muhammad Asif World Snooker Champion.
◾Wasim Akram - Ex Captain of Pakistan Cricket Team, King of Swing.
◾Imran Nazir - A Pakistani Cricket Player.
◾Abdul Razzaq - A Famouse Pakistani Cricketer.
◾Abdul Hafeez Kardar - First Captain of Pakistan Cricket Team, Former Minister of
Punjab and 's Ambassador toSwitzerland. Pakistan
◾Saleem Elahi - Pakistani Cricket Player. His Brothers Manzoor Elahi and Zahoor Elahi also Played for
◾Sarfraz Nawaz Malik - Former Fast Bowler and Member of Punjab Assembly.
◾Mian Mohammad Saeed - Ex Captain of Pakistan Cricket Team.
◾Mian Muhammad Aslam - Cricketer and Test Umpire.
◾Shehbaz Ahmad - Ex Captain of Pakistan Hockey Team.
◾Tahir Zaman - Ex Captain of Pakistan Hockey Team.
◾Waseem Ahmed - Famous Pakistani Hockey Player.
◾Sultan Rahi - Famouse Punjabi Film Star.
◾Habeeb - Film Star.
◾Tariq Aziz - Film and Tv Star and Ex Member of National Assembly.
◾Mian Farzand Ali - Owner of Laki Irani Circus
◾Naseem Viky - Famouse Stage Actor.
◾Nasim Hijazi - Famouse Urdu Writer of Islamic History Novels.
◾Zia Shahid - Ex Senator and Owner of Khabrain Group.
◾Mujeeb-ur-Rehman Shami - Owner of Daily Pakistan News.
◾Shah Inayat Qadri - A famous Sufi of the Qadiri order, who was the spiritual leader of Punjabi poets and saints Baba Bulleh Shah and Waris Shah.
◾Mian Sher Muhammad Sharaqpuri - Great sufi and spiritual leader of
◾Mian Sahib of Nankana Sahib - Great Sufi and Spiritual Healer Having Followers Around the World.