The 1951 Census of Pakistan recorded that;
The largest number of Muslim refugees came from the
East Punjab and nearby Rajputana states (Alwar and Bharatpur).
They were a number of 5,783,100 and constituted 80.1% of
's total refugee population. Pakistan
This was due to the division of
Punjab. The Muslim population of East Punjab was displaced, like the Hindu/Sikh population in West Punjab.
Migration from regions of
464,200 or 2.4%. Delhi
So far as their settlement in
95.5% from UP and
The Government undertook a census of refugees in
Data on the Number of Muslim refugees in
East Punjab) 520,189
East Punjab) 499,793
East Punjab) 384,448
East Punjab) 306,509
East Punjab) 287,479
East Punjab) 222,939
East Punjab) 80,537
East Punjab) 172,640
East Punjab) 33,826
United Provinces 28,363
East Punjab) 11,300
Data on the Number of Muslim refugees in
Alwar (Rajputana) 191,567
East Punjab) 172,079
East Punjab) 66,596
Bharatpur (Rajputana) 43,614
East Punjab) 43,538
East Punjab) 41,696
Together other small states 39,322
It constituted 73.1% of the total Muslim refugee population in
It constituted 9.7% of the total Muslim refugee population in
66.69% of the refugees in
East Bengal originated from West Bengal.
NWFP received 51,100 migrants (0.7% of the migrant population).
A study of the total population inflows and outflows in the districts of the
The Indian government claimed that 33,000 Hindu and Sikh women were abducted, and the Pakistani government claimed that 50,000 Muslim women were abducted during riots. By 1949, there were governmental claims that 12,000 women had been recovered in
Even after the 1951 Census, many Muslim families from India continued migrating to Pakistan throughout the 1950s and even early 1960s. In 1959 the International Labour Organisation (ILO) published a report stating that between the periods of 1951-1956, a number of 650,000 Muslims from India relocated to West Pakistan.
The 1961 Census of Pakistan incorporates a statement suggesting that there had been a migration of 800,000 people from India to Pakistan throughout the previous decade.
Since 1950, after Liaquat-Nehru Pact has been a movement of Muslims from Uttar Pradesh India to Western Pakistan through the Jodhpur-Sindh via Khokhropar. Normally, traffic between India and West Pakistan was controlled by the permit system. But in huge quantity, these Muslims from Uttar Pradesh came without permits to West Pakistan via Khokhropar.
From January 1952 to the end of September, 53,209 Muslim emigrants came via Khokhropar. Most of these probably came from the Uttar Pradesh. In October 1952, up to the 14th, 6,808 came by this route. After that Pakistan became much stricter on allowing entry on the introduction of the passport system. From the 15th of October to the end of October, 1,247 came by this route. From the 1st November, 1,203 came via Khokhropar.
Indian Muslim migration to West Pakistan continued unabated despite the cessation of the permit system between the two countries and the introduction of the passport system between the two countries. A fair number of Muslims crossed into Pakistan from India, via Rajasthan and Sindh daily. Mostly they came from Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. It is evident that they came in for better chances of employment.
In 1952 the passport system was introduced for travel purposes between the two countries. The legal route was taken by unemployed but educated Indian Muslims seeking better fortunes in Pakistan, however poorer Muslims from India continued to come illegally via the Rajasthan-Sindh border until the 1965 India-Pakistan war when that route was shut.
After the conclusion of the 1965 war, most Muslims who wanted to come to Pakistan had to come via the India-East Pakistani border. Once reaching Dhaka, most made their way to the final destination-Karachi. However, not all managed to reach West Pakistan from East Pakistan.
The 1951 census in Pakistan recorded 671,000 refugees in East Pakistan, the majority of which came from West Bengal. The rest were from Bihar. By 1961 the numbers reached 850,000. In the aftermath of the riots in Ranchi and Jamshedpur, Biharis continued to migrate to East Pakistan well into the late sixties and added up to around a million. Crude estimates suggest that about 1.5 million Muslims migrated from West Bengal and Bihar to East Bengal in the two decades after partition.
Over on the India-West Pakistan border, in the aftermath of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, 3,500 Muslim families migrated from the Indian part of the Thar Desert to the Pakistani section of the Thar Desert. 400 families were settled in Nagar after the 1965 war and an additional 3000 settled in the Chachro taluka in Sindh province of West Pakistan. The government of Pakistan provided each family with 12 acres of land. According to government records, this land totaled 42,000 acres. According to a November 1995 statement of Riaz Khokhar, the Pakistani High Commissioner in New Delhi, the number of cross-border marriages was 40,000 a year in the 1950s and 1960s.