Saturday, 3 September 2016

Resettlement of Refugees in Pakistan: 1947–1951.

The 1951 Census of Pakistan recorded that;
The largest number of Muslim refugees came from the East Punjab and nearby Rajputana states (Alwar and Bharatpur).

They were a number of 5,783,100 and constituted 80.1% of Pakistan's total refugee population.

This was due to the division of Punjab. Muslim population of East Punjab was displaced, like the Hindu/Sikh population in West Punjab.

Migration from regions of India was as follows:

East Punjab and nearby Rajputana states 5,783,100 or 80.1%.
Bihar, West Bengal and Orissa, 700,300 or 9.8%.
UP and Delhi 464,200 or 2.4%.
Gujarat and Bombay, 160,400 or 2.2%.
Bhopal and Hyderabad 95,200 or 1.2%.
Madras and Mysore 18,000 or 0.2%.

So far as their settlement in
Pakistan is concerned;

97.4% from
East Punjab and nearby Rajputana states (Alwar and Bharatpur) to West Punjab.

95.9% from
Bihar, West Bengal and Orissa to East Pakistan.

95.5% from UP and
Delhi to West Pakistan, mainly Karachi and Sind.

97.2% from
Bhopal and Hyderabad to West Pakistan, mainly Karachi.

98.9% from Bombay and Gujarat to West Pakistan, largely to Karachi.

98.9% from
Madras and Mysore went to West Pakistan, mainly Karachi.

The Government undertook a census of refugees in
West Punjab in 1948, which displayed their place of origin in India.

Data on the Number of Muslim refugees in
West Punjab from the Districts of East Punjab and Neighboring Regions.

Places                                                    Number
Amritsar (East Punjab)                       741,444
Jullender (East Punjab)                      520,189
Gurdaspur (East Punjab)                   499,793
Hoshiarpur (East Punjab)                  384,448
Karnal (East Punjab)                           306,509
Hissar (East Punjab)                           287,479
Ludhiana (East Punjab)                     255,864
Ambala (East Punjab)                       222,939
Gurgaon (East Punjab)                       80,537
Rontak (East Punjab)                       172,640
Delhi                                                     91,185
Kangra (East Punjab)                         33,826
United Provinces                               28,363
Simla (East Punjab)                           11,300

Data on the Number of Muslim refugees in
West Punjab from the Princely states in East Punjab and Rajputana.

Name                                                 Number
Patiala (East Punjab)                       308,948
Alwar (Rajputana)                           191,567
Kapurthala (East Punjab)               172,079
Faridkot (East Punjab)                      66,596
Bharatpur (Rajputana)                     43,614
Naba (East Punjab)                           43,538
Jina (East Punjab)                             41,696
Together other small states            39,322

West Punjab received the largest number of refugees, 5,783,100.
It constituted 73.1% of the total Muslim refugee population in Pakistan.

East Bengal received the second largest number of refugees, 699,100.

It constituted 9.7% of the total Muslim refugee population in
Pakistan.
66.69% of the refugees in East Bengal originated from West Bengal.
14.50% from Bihar.
11.84% from Assam.

Karachi received 8.5% of the total migrant population.

Sind received 7.6%.

NWFP and
Baluchistan received the lowest number of migrants.

NWFP received 51,100 migrants (0.7% of the migrant population).

Baluchistan received 28,000 (0.4% of the migrant population).

A study of the total population inflows and outflows in the districts of the
Punjab, using the data provided by the 1931 and 1951 Census has led to an estimate of 1.26 million missing Muslims who left western India but did not reach Pakistan. The corresponding number of missing Hindus/Sikhs along the western border is estimated to be approximately 0.84 million. This puts the total missing people due to Partition-related migration along the Punjab border to around 2.23 million.

The Indian government claimed that 33,000 Hindu and Sikh women were abducted, and the Pakistani government claimed that 50,000 Muslim women were abducted during riots. By 1949, there were governmental claims that 12,000 women had been recovered in India and 6,000 in Pakistan. By 1954, there were 20,728 recovered Muslim women and 9,032 Hindu and Sikh women recovered from Pakistan. Most of the Hindu and Sikh women refused to go back to India, fearing that they would never be accepted by their family, a fear mirrored by Muslim women.